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130 terms

Chinese Vocabulary Ch. 1 - 5

New Practical Chinese Reader (2nd Edition) - Vocabulary from Chapters 1 thru 5
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yī one
Dīng (surname)
qī seven
bù not / no
不用
bùyòng need not
qiě and
zhōng middle
中国
Zhōngguó China
yě too / also
le (modal particle, aspect particle)
èr two
wǔ five
jǐng well
rén person / people
什么
shénme what?
tā he / him (pronoun)
他们
tāmen they / them (pronoun)
men (suffix used after pronouns 我, 你, 他 or certain nouns)
nǐ you (pronoun)
俄国
Éguó Russia
儿子
érzi son
先生
xiānsheng sir / mister
bā eight
liù six
zài again
再见
zàijiàn goodbye
dāo knife
lì strength
加拿大
Jiānádà Canada
医生
yīshēng doctor
shí ten
yòu again
kǒu mouth
zhǐ only
jiào to be called (verb)
kě can / may
可以
kěyǐ may / able to
hào ordinal number
同事
tóngshì colleague / co-worker
ma (particle used for a question expecting yes-no answer)
ne (particle used for subjects already mentioned)
咖啡
kāfēi coffee
哥哥
gēge elder brother
nǎ which
hē to drink (verb)
sì four
guó country / nation
tǔ earth
zài to be (here, there) / to be (in, on, at) (verb)
zuò to sit (verb)
外婆
wàipó maternal grandmother
外语
wàiyǔ foreign language
dà big
nǚ female
奶奶
nǎinai paternal grandmother
tā she / her (pronoun)
hǎo good / well / OK (adjective)
妈妈
māma mom
xìng surname (verb/noun)
xué to learn / to study (verb)
学习
xuéxí to learn / to study (verb)
学生
xuésheng student
学院
xuéyuàn college / institution
宿舍
sùshè dormitory
对不起
duìbuqǐ I'm sorry
xiǎo small / little
小姐
xiǎojie young lady / miss
ní nun
céng floor / story (of a building)
弟弟
dìdi younger brother
hěn very (adverb)
德国
Déguó Germany
xīn heart
máng busy (adjective)
nín you (formal)
wǒ I / me (pronoun)
我们
wǒmen we / us
shǒu hand
wén written language
rì sun
日本
Rìběn Japan
shì to be (verb)
wǎn late (adjective)
yuè moon / month
朋友
péngyou friend
mù wood
lái to come (verb)
Yáng (surname)
shuǐ water
汉语
Hànyǔ Chinese (language)
没关系
méi guānxi nevermind / it doesn't matter
法国
Fǎguó France
huǒ fire
爸爸
bàba dad
yù jade
shēng to be born (suffix denoting person)
tián field
nán male
bái white
de (a possessive or modifying particle)
知道
zhīdao to know (verb)
经理
jīnglǐ manager
美国
Měiguó U.S.A.
老师
lǎoshī teacher
zhě person / thing
英国
Yīngguó England
yào to want (verb)
jiàn to see (verb)
认识
rènshi to know (somebody)
记者
jìzhě reporter
语言
yǔyán language
qǐng to please (verb)
请问
qǐngwèn May I ask...?
shéi who / whom
谢谢
xièxie to thank (verb)
贝壳
bèiké shell
贵姓
guìxìng what is your surname?
zhè this
jìn to enter (verb)
进来
jìnlái to come in (verb)
nà that
dōu both / all
mén door
wèn to ask (verb)
Chén (surname)
líng zero
餐厅
cāntīng dining hall
mǎ horse
gāo tall
高兴
gāoxìng happy / pleased