How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

265 terms

Medical Assistant Certification Review

STUDY
PLAY
standard universal precautions
is treating all patients as if they are capable of transmitting diseases.
warfarin
a blood thinner.
electrical force
the ECG term vector refers to
antitussive
is a drug used to suppress coughing.
(CBC)
is a blood test done in a lavender tube which has an additive called EDTA.
the fastest pulse rate
infants have
dermis & epidermis
part of the integumentary system.
activate safety device for disposal
in phlebotomy, the next step after withdrawing the needle from the vein
arterial blood
a capillary blood specimen most resembles in composition
20-23 gauge
the needle most frequently used for venipuncture
23 to 25 gauge
the needle most frequently used for butterfly is the
percussion hammer
used to test reflexes.
otoscope
instrument used to test the ears.
opthalmoscope
instrument used to test the eyes.
U wave
in an ECG the wave immediately following the T wave & is present 50-70 % of the individuals
cardiac cycle
one complete heart beat.
regular sinus rhythms
difibrillators are used to convert specific cardiac arrhythmias into
gavage
medical term for tube feeding
fifth vital sign
pain is the
korotkoff sounds
sounds heard while taking the blood pressure
core temperature
rectal temperature provide a reading of the patient's
hospitalized
after a gram mal seizure a patient might typically need to be
hyperglycemic
a patient has fruity or acetone breath odor
the longest appointment
a patient who need a complete physical need to be scheduled for
a durable power of attorney
DO NOT RESUSCITATE in the medical records of a patient.
privacy notice each year
hippa is giving a patient a
an ECG to baseline
patient condition like fever or chills typically would not cause
analgesics
acetaminophen & ibuprofen
patient movement
the most common cause on an ECG of a baseline interruption
tachypnea
respiration rate above normal.
bradypnea
respiration rate below normal.
tachycardia
a heart rate above normal.
bradycardia
heart rate below normal
lithotomy
patient position most commonly used for gynecological examination (pap smear)
good contact between the skin & electrodes
it is important to cleanse a patient's skin before an ECG to assure
regular heart rate
an ECG that demonstartes no variation of R-R interval would indicate
pleura effusion
the escape of fluid into the pleura cavity
heart
SA NODE is the normal, natural pacemaker of the
antihistamines
relieves allergic symptoms.
pulse
depression will cause a decrease in
blepharitis
inflammation of the eyelid.
respiratory system
trachea is part of the
antidote
antidote is any substance that neutralizes the effect of poison
respondeat superior
a legal term that states that the physicians are reliable for the actions of the medical assistant
triage
the process of evaluating & prioritizing urgency of treatment
fiscal year
a 12 month period that begins with the same pre-determine date each year
yellow tube
order of blood drawing according to the CLSI always begins with the
inserting the needle
when performing a venipuncture always allow the alcohol to dry naturally before
insufficient funds
a term used to indicate that the writer of the check did not have enough money to cover the check
physician's signature & DEA#
each prescription for controlled substances requires a
syrups
drugs dissolved in a solution of sugar & water & then flavored
suspensions
drugs that have been mixed but not dissolved
aseptics
techniques that keep areas free of microorganisms
diagnostic tests
tests used to determine what is wrong with a patient
arthrocentesis
the removal of synovial fluid from a joint is called
0.04 seconds
each 1mm (small) box on the ECG strip represents
sterile technique
reaching over the sterile field is one violation of the
uremia
the build up of bodily waste products in the blood
apical pulse
the method of choice for determining the heart rate on infants & young children
purkinje fibers
distribute the electrical impulses to the ventricles of the heart
97.6
normal axillary temperature
98.6
normal oral temperature
37.0
average temperature in celsius is
HMO
insurance offered in exchange for a fixed monthly premium
PPO
insurance offer to the patient's the options of using either network or non-network physicians or hospitals
medicaid
insurance offered for people that have low income
medicare
insurance offered to people 65 & older & to disables
Co-pay
predetermined flat fee that is paid usually before each medical service or visit
precordial leads
chest leads are also called
gastrointestinal tract
barium sulfate is used as a contrast medium for fluroscopic examination of the
wartenberg wheel
used to test nerve reactions (sensitivity) on the skin
fibula
the smallest long bone of the leg
scoliosis
abnormal S shape lateral curvature of the spine
weeks & months at a time
HIV can NOT survive on inanimate objects for
tuberculosis
airborne precautions are used to reduce the transmission of
battery
if a medical assistant performs a patient exam after a patient refuses, the medical assistant can be charged with
sanitization
process of using soap & water scrubbing to remove blood & debris from the medical instruments
knee-chest position
patient places the head & chest on examination table while kneeling with buttocks elevated
sterile techniques
placing sutures in a new location requires the use of
cc
the abbreviation for cubic centimeter
irs
employer identification number is a type of number issued by the
strep throat
throat swab from a culture will confirm a diagnosis of
accounts receivable
money owed to the physician
washing hands
the first line of defense in preventing disease
give 2 breaths & start chest compressions
if an dult patient is not breathing
hematocrit (HCT)
the proportion of blood volume occupied by red blood cells & expressed as a percentage
first degree burn
most common type of burn
abrasion
a wound in which the outer layers of the skin are scraped off
american medical association
ICD-9 code book is a numerical system for identifying procedure developed by the
UTI
test performed for urinalysis with microscopic and culture.
treadmill stress test
a noninvasive cardiac evaluation
hypothyroidism
due to a deficiency of iodine
to fill
to be safe, when drawing blood always remove the tourniquet when the last tube begins
red topped tube
whole blood takes 20 mins to clot in a
median cubital vein
the first choice for venipuncture
nosocomial
type of infection developed after hospital admission
the skin
largest natural barrier to infection
signed consent
before any procedure the physician need from the patient a
sterilization
means that all microorganisms are removed
butterfly needle
for pediatric & geriatric patients the best option to draw blood on the back of the hand or wrist with a
heparin
green tube has anticoagulant called
specific gravity
first voided morning sample has the highest
auscultation
listening to the sounds of the body
specialist's office
wave schedule woks best for
admissions review
under peer review improvement act of 1982, peer review organization is responsible for the review of the appropriateness & necessity of hospitalizing patients also known as
gender
would be least likely to affect temperature
orthostatic hypotension
a temporary fall of the blood pressure when standing quickly
corticosteroids & NSAIDS
a patient with systemic lupus (SLE) might be given
trenderlenberg position
best position for quick recovery
ureters
an imaging test that provides information about obstructions
medication administration
the right doctor is NOT one of the six rights of
empathy
when the medical assistant conveys the feeling that they understands how something makes a patient feel.
skull
a sesamoid fracture will NEVER happen on the
trapezius
shoulder blade
biceps brachii
inner bone of upper arm
abdominal
stomach
clavicle
below shoulder blade
mandible
jawbone
tibia
inner bone of leg
sternum
bone that connects ribs
physiology
the science of the function of cells, tissues, & organs of the body
deltoid
upper arm where IM injections are done
right patient, right route, right time, right technique, right drug, right dose, right date, right documentation
8 rights of administering medication
intramuscular (IM), subcutaneous (SUBQ), intradermal
types of injection
deltoids or gluteus
main site for intramuscular injection on adults
thighs
main site for intramuscular injection on infants & young children
because the sciatic nerve is close & may cause paralysis
never give infants or young children injections in the gluteus
hypodermic with a gauge of 20-23 at a 90 degree angle
the type of syringe used for intramuscular injections
hypodermic with gauge of 25-27 at a 45 degree angle
the type of syringe used for subcutaneous injection
tuberculin with a needle gauge of 27-29 at a 10-15 degree angle
the type of syringe used for intradermal injection
to make sure you did not hit a vessel
the purpose of aspirating during subq
0.1ml
the dosage for adults for tuberculin injection
0.005ml
the dosage for children for tuberculin injection
allergy testing & tuberculosis
two purposes for intradermal injection
calibrated in ml
hypodermic & tuberculin syringes
calibrated in units
insulin syringes
isometric line
a straight line on EKG strip when the EKG is not connected to the patient
stylus
the part of the EKG machine that makes the line
emetic drug
a drug that induces vomiting
account payable
the amount purchased on credit that is used to the creditor
partial disability
ant illness or injury that prevents someone from performing one or more of their regular function
medical etiquette
conducting courtesy & manners
precordial leads
the 6 standard chest leads in EKG
antiseptic drug
a drug that inhibits the growth of microorganisms
cardiac cycle
what happens within a complete heart beat
amniocentesis
allows the physician to perform genetic testing before the baby is born
to determine the effectiveness of sterilization
the purpose of using culture test in sterilization
check book
the physician bank statement is reconciled with a
w4
employees withholding exemption certificate form
apical pulse
pulse located below the chest or breast & is the method of choice for infants & young children
HMO
offers insurance in exchange for a premium
purkinje fibers
the name of the structure in the heart that distributes electrical impulses to the ventricles
scoliosis
an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
carrier
someone not infected but transporting harmful or pathogenic bacteria
duodenum (1st part) jejunum (middle part) ileum (last part)
small intestine parts
indemnity
benefits in the form of cash payments rather those services
rickets
found in infants due to a lack of vitamin d resulting in softening of bones
exclusions
specific hazards listed in an insurance policy for which the insurance company will not pay
synthetic cast
most commonly used casts on a broken limb becuase they dry and set fast
sterile technique
reaching over a sterile field is a violation of the
measure
the distance between each p wave & r wave
electrical force
the EKG term vector refers to
menopause
when the menstruation cycle stops
menarche
when the mestruation cycle begins
homeostasis
when the internal environment of the body works together
homeostatic drug
the drug used to control bleeding
therapeutic drug
any drug that is ised in the treatmentof a condition to relieve symptoms
cholecystography
an x-ray examination of the gallbladder
physiology
the study of function
expiration date
what assures the potency of a bottle of medication
EDTA
the name of the anitcoagulant found in the lavender tube
expectorant
a drug used to increase mucus secretion from the bronchial tubes of the lungs
aseptic techniques
germ free techniques
adjuster
one who acts for the insurance in a regular claim
coupling agent
the gel used on the area in an ultrasound which has to be applied at room temperature
stomatitis
inflammation of the mucus membrane of the mouth
z track
an injection where the skin is pulled 11/12 away from the injection site
liters per minute
oxygen is ordered as percentage of oxygen concentration & its rate of delivery is written as
vessel or vein (preferrably vein)
angi/o
to open a body orifice
the purpose of the speculum
single red line
the proper procedure for canceling an appointment is to mark through the entry with a
wash hands
the first line of defense in preventing disease is to
CPT
the reference procedure code book using a numerical system
hemostat
an instrument used for clamping blood bessels
ectopic pregnancy
the development of the ovum outside of the uterus
hemocytometer
a chamber that is used for counting white blood cells
needle holder
an instrument that is used to grasp or holds a curved needle while performing a suture
treadmill stress test
an EKG test done under stress condition
transverse plane
an imaginary line dividing the body in top & bottom sections
abduction
a lateral movement away from the body
deductible
a predetermined amount that insured must pay each year before the insurance company will pay
coding
the transfer of words into numbers
hypnotic drug
a drug that induces sleep
invasion of privacy
unauthorized disclosure of information regarding the patient to a third party
holter monitor
a 24 hr recording of the electrical activity of the heart
antipyretic drug
a drug used to control temperature
medical asepsis
means an area or object is clean or free of microorganisms for injection
incision
a clean smooth cut caused by a sharp cutting instrument
assignment of benefits
instructions to an insurance company about whom or wherever to make payments
knee-chest position
the patient is laying on chest & knees while buttocks are in the air
subpoena
a written document commanding you to appear in court
malignancies
cancerous tumors appearing in any part of the body
backup files
duplicate files that are stored in acomputer to protect information
petty cash
a small amount of cash kept in the office
closed fracture
a broken bone without penetration to the skin
coinsurance
a requirement under the health care policy that dictates that the insured will be responsible for a percentage of covered services
federal tax identification #
a number issued by the IRS to medical group for income tax
emetic drug
a drug that induces a person to vomit
grace period
the period of time after the beginning of an insurance for which no benefits are payable
placebo
an inactive substance substituted in place of the actual drug
negligence
the failure to do something reasonable that should be done under ordinary circumstances
orange/red
the color of biohazard label
buccal or sublingual
placing medication betweeen the gums & cheeks or under the tonuge
duration of the appointment
the most important characteristics of an appointment book
auscultation
listening to body sounds with a stethoscope
transdermal patch
a small patch with medication placed on the skin
waiver
an attachment to a policy excluding certain illness that would otherwise be covered
percussion
to tap the body sharply but lightly to gain information about the position
pressure sores
decubitus ulcers, also called bedsores
time limit
the period of time in which a notice of claim must be filled
3rd degree heart block
when the atrium & the ventricles are beating independently
gtt
the abbreviation for drops
diuretic drug
a drug that increases urinary output
triage
the action of sorting according to quality. the purpose is to assign degrees of urgency to wounded or ill patients.
a visual activity of 20/50
the 20 represents the distance between the chart & the patient
third class mail
printed booklets & newsletters that weigh up to 16 ounces are considered
IM
to inject large amounts of medicine you use
pleura effusion
the escape of fluid into pleura cavity
schedule I drugs
drugs that are not accepted for medical use in the USA
defribrillator
the name of the equipment used to convert dysrhythmia into regular rhythm
october 1st to september 30
the tricare fiscal year
gastric ulcers
lesions of the mucus membrane of the stomach
edema
accumulation of fluid in body tissue
peer review
a review by people with similar professional qualification
ampule
a glass container containing medication in either liquid or powder form
hematuria
the presence of blood in urine
check
normal business transaction requiring payment by the physician should be made by
OSHA
the agency that requires the use of sharps container
circular motion
used when cleaning an area for injection because it carries contaminants away from the injection site
aphrodisiac
drugs that increase sexual desire
antipsychotic drugs
drugs that relieves complications of emotional tension
antitoxin
a serum used to lessen the effects of poisons produced by bacteria is an
hemiplegia
paralysis on one side of the body
fiscal year
a 12 month period that begins with the same pre determined dtae each year & is for financial purposes
right side up
the proper placement of an agar plate
paraplegia
paralysis form the waist down
first class mail
any business mail that weighs up to 11 ounces
physician's signature & DEA #
each prescription for controlled substances requires the
limited check
a check that will be unpaid if written over a certain amount
fourth class mail
mail used for bound printed matter, film & sound recording etc
emulsion
kind of liquid preparation with fine droplets of oil & water
syrups
drugs dissolved in a solution of sugar
mixtures (suspensions)
drugs mixed with liquids, but not dissolved
barrel
part of the syringe that holds the medication
point
the sharpened end of the needle
separate file holders
used to keep them separate from other files
thorazine
used to reduce mental tension & anxiety
nitroglycerine
used for treatment of angina pectoris
pre-certification
discovering if a treatmenmt is covered under a patient contract
pre-existing
policies that do not provide benefits for conditions that were treated before the policy as issued
hydrocortisone
an anti inflammatory drug
schedule IV drugs
minor tranquilizers & drugs that have a lesser abuse
official name
the trade or brand name of a drug is its
temperature with freezing point of 32 7 boiling poibt of 212
fahrenheit
atrophy
medical term for a decrease in size or wasting