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14 terms

Greek Plays Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
anagnorisis
a recognition or discovery on the part of the hero; change from ignorance to knowledge; usually tied to the turning point of the play
peripeteia
a reversal of fortune; from good to bad; usually follows anagnorisis; turning point of play
nemesis
fate which cannot be escaped
catharsis
purging of emotions of pity and fear; leaves viewer both relieved and elated
physis
forces of nature; or unrestricted passion (undesirable)
nomos
human laws instituted by a city
polis
the "good" city of man - ruled by law
verbal irony
what is said is the opposite of what is meant
dramatic irony
the audience knows what to expect, but characters don't
situational irony
what happens is not what is expected
strophe
choral movement in ONE direction across the stage
antistrophe
choral movement in the OTHER direction across the stage
stichomythic
dialogue that depicts an altercation between 2 characters; alternating lines of argument between those characters
hamartia
a tragic flaw; character trait, not physical trait; causes the downfall of the hero; often - hubris