81 terms

Psychology Purposes of personality theories


Terms in this set (...)

Which of the following purposes of thery descibres the sceanio of looking at the tpe of dress a woman wears?
C, explain how people behave
Which purpose of theories looks at someone deciding to change their life becayse they dont like the way it is?
B, determine improvement of life
Which of the purposes of theories correspond with the following scenario?
Looking to see if a person is sky, boring, outgoing or gloomy.
D, organization of personal characteristics
Personality theories attempt to do all of the following exceot
C, alleviate cultural differences amoung people
Which would not explain differences amoung indivduals?
B, behavior
When psychologists look at motives, causes, and childhood influences f behavuir, which purpose of theory are they attempting to identify?
C, explain differences amoung individuals
Which of the purposes of theories correspond to the following scenario?
The reasons someone robbed a bank is compared to the reasons why someones works in a community acitvity to help people
A, explain differences amoung individuals
Personality theorists most likely strive to understand all of the following except
C, ways to impove one's memory
Whcih purpose of theories look at how we respond to change in our life?
D, predict response to life's demands
Which of the following is not one of the purposes of personality theories s mentioned in the lecture?
B, to control and/ or limit negative behaviors
Which of the purposes of theories corresponds to the following sceanrio?
Looking to see what type of music a person listens to.
D, explain how people behave
According the lecture, each stage of erikson's psychosocial devlopment has a corresponding
B, crisis
Ideas and images of the accumulated experience of all human beings
Store of human concepts share by all people across cultures
Collective unconscious
Defense mechanisms indicate the existence of an inner conflit or
C, anxiety
According to Sigmund Freud, unresolved emotions during the_____ stage can lead to depression
B, phallic
The psychoanalytic approach focuses on
D, inner conflicts that come from drives and rules
According to Freud, the part of the mind that is governed by the pleasure principle is the
A, id
Transfer of an idea or impulse from a threatening to a less threatening object
Freud believed that conflicts that occur during any stages of personality development may cause a person to become_____.
For example, conflicts in the oral stage could result in smoking or overeating later in life.
A, fixated
The analytic theoru developed by Carl Jung stresses that human behavior is influenced by
D, a collective unconsciousness
Learning theorists empahize the influence of ___ conditions of behavor
A, environment
According to social-learning theorist, interal varibales influence outward ations in certain situations. These internal varibales include everything except
D, accomplishments
Which of the influences that shape people's preferences and behavior listed below would match the claim made by John B. Watson and the behaviorist view?
D, external forces
Which theorist established the Social Learning Theory?
D, Albert Bandura
Which one of the influences below is NOT part of the Social Learning Theory?
D, environment forces
According to the learning theories (behaviorism and social learning theory) we have different personalities because we have different experiences in life
Imitation of others would best describe which learning theory?
A, social learning theory
A students drive to get good grades would be described by behaviorist as the result of
C, parental and societal reinforcements
Socialization is a process of learning desirable behaviors described by
B, behavioral psychology
Socialization is the process by which people learn to perform socially undesirable behaviors
According to the lecture, people hurt others when they are ___ wth their own efforts to develop their potential.
C, frustrated
The humanistic approach stresses the importance of
B, human freedom
Accepting individuals either conditionally or unconditionally is part of
D, self-esteem and positive regard
Abraham Maslow believed that the desire for ___ is what separates humans from lower animals
D, self-actualization
Abraham Maslow argued that differences in personality are linked to
A, search for self-actualization
According to Carl Rogers, congruence is important to one's self-concept because it
A, reinforces a person's self-concept
People will identify their self-concept by recognizing their
C, personality traits
Humanistic theorists believe we are all unique, but are unable to predict the development of
A, personality traits
According to the lecture, Carl Rogers emphasized the importance of
A, being authentic or real
Psychologist Carl Rogers argued that personality is the result of
B, free choice and action, based on one's concept of self
According to the lecture, the focus on this theorists work was on stability.
B, Hans Eysenck
There are ____ major traits everyone has, just at varying levels of intensity.
C, 5
A characteristic that is so persistent that it can clearly identify a person
C, Cardinal trait
A person who scored low on the openness to experience trait would most likely have which of the following characteristics ?
B, shallowness and lack of perceptiveness
Which of the following is NOT part of Raymond Cattell's personality theory?
C, personal construct
Stability versus instability is measured by the degree to which an individual has ____ over their feelings
B, control
While developing his trait theory, Raymond Cattell first identified _____ surface traits of observable behavior.
B, 46
Sixteen Trait Theory also identifies observable behavior traits, referred to as
C, surface traits
Trait descriptions must be
D, quantifiable
According to Eysenck, those who are emotionally unstable and extroverted will exhibit which trait?
D, exhibitionist
Sociocultural factors include everything EXCEPT
B, fads of society
The sociocultural approach provides valuable insight into the roles of ethnicity, gender, culture, and socioeconomic status in
D, personality formation
When a person successfully integrates two sets of customs and values they have
A, become bi-cultural
On the topic of acculturation and self-esteem, sociocultural theorists have found unusually high self-esteem among
D, people who are bicultural
From the perspective of the sociocultural approach, adapting to a new or different culture involves everything EXCEPT
C, learning a new way to dress
Which aspect of the sociocultural approach gives priority to personal goals?
A, individualism
The sociocultural perspective ____ our understanding of cultural differences.
C, enhances
The sociocultural perspective focuses on the role of
D, all of the above
When priority is given to the goals of the group, a person is exhibiting a ______ mentality.
D, collectivist
Sociocultural factors are ___ forces that are internalized and affect all of us.
A, external
Aptitude tests are usually administered to a person before they have received ___ in the area
C, training
Interest inventories can
B, provide guidance toward a career choice that fits one's interests
Achievement tests measure skills and knowledge in specific
C, academic areas
Overall learning ability is measured by
D, aptitude tests
The format of Kuder Preference Record is
B, essay
Aptitude tests measure___ abilities then achievement tests
A, broader
The law school admissions test is an example of an achievement test
Aptitude tests measure the ___ for learning in a specific area
D, potential
Measures specific skills or abilities other than intelligence
A, aptitude tests
The emphasis of achievement and aptitude tests is on current abilities and future success
The MMPI uses ___ to describe traits related to clinical disorders
A, scales
In the Thematic Apperception Test, test takers creates stories to accompany
D, pictures
Which personality test contains 567 items presented in a true-false format?
In a Rorschach Inkblot Test, the ___ is the precise object the person is seeing
B, content
Tests that have vague shapes or pictures of people engaged in activities
B, objective tests
In the Thematic Apperception test, test takers are asked to_______.
A, write stories based on pictures
The most widely used test in diagnosed and classifying psychological disorders is the
Personality tests can be divided into
C, objective and projective tests
The determinants factor in interpreting the Rorschach test includes the test takers response to everything except
A, touch
Personality tests help psychologists to identify or diagnose any
C, mental disorders