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Chapter 28 - CPT Medical Coding

STUDY
PLAY
anatomical position
standing, arms hanging, palms forward, standing or sitting
planes of the body
a plane is a surface in which if any two points are taken, a straight line that is drawn to join these two point lies wholly within that plane or surface
sagittal
a plane running front to back
transverse plane
a plane that divides the body or limbs into upper and lower parts
frontal
a plane dividing the body into an anterioor and posterior portion
anterior
towards the front
posterior
towards the back
superior
towards the head
inferior
towards the feet
proximal
nearest; closer to any point of reference
distal
remote; farther from any point of reference
lateral
a point that is more distant from the median plane/side positions
medial
a point that is closer to the midsagittal plane
AP
front to back; front is closest to the x-ray machine
PA
back to front; back is closest to the x-ray machine
fluoroscopy
x-ray procedure that allows the visualization of the internal organs in motion
MRI
uses magnetism, radio waves and a computer to produce images of body structures
tomography
producing a two-dimensional image of a slice or section
biometry
the application of a statistical method to a biologic fact
position
how the patient is placed during the x-ray exam
projection
the path of the x-ray beam
prone
the patient is lying on their front
decubitus
recumbent positions
oblique
obtained while the body is rotated
tangential
allows the x-ray beam to skim the body part
axial
any projection that allows the beam to pass through the body part lengthwise
professional components
the services of the physician, including the supervision of the taking of the x-ray film and interpretation
technical
the service of the tech, as well as the use of the equipment, film, and other supplies
global
both services
-TC
used to report the technical component
CAT
computed axial tomography
angiography
visualization of blood vessels with contrast
ultrasound
the use of high-frequency sound waves to image anatomic structures and detect illness and disease
interventional radiologist
a physician who is skilled in both surgical procedure and the radiology portion
A-mode
a one-dimensional display
M-mode
one-dimensional display of movement
B-scan
two-dimensional dsiplay of the movement of tissues and organs
real time scan
two-dimensional display of both the structure and the motion of tissue and organs
dosimetry
the calculation of the radiation dose and placement
MeV
megaelectron volts, a unit of energy
Gray
the energy that is deposited in the patient's tissue/one Gray=100 rads
rad
radiation-absorbed dose
brachytherapy
the placement of radioactive material directly into or surrounding the site of the tumor
source
a container holding a radioactive element that can be inserted directly into the body/seed,capsules or ribbon
nuclear medicine
placement of radionuclides within the body and the monitoring of emissions