Strayer Chapter 18: Revolutions of Industrialization
Terms in this set (15)
external-combustion engine in which heat is used to raise steam which either turns a turbine or forces a piston to move up and down in a cylinder
German philosopher, economist, and revolutionary. With the help and support of Friedrich Engels he wrote The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Das Kapital (1867-1894). These works explain historical development in terms of the interaction of contradictory economic forces, form the basis of all communist theory, and have had a profound influence on the social sciences.
Russian Revolution of 1905
forced the tsar's regime to make more substantial reforms; granted constitution, legalized trade unions and political parties, and the election of the national assembly, called the Duma
Indian Cotton Textiles
For much of the 18th century, well-made and inexpensive cotton textiles from India flooded Western markets; the competition stimulated the British textile industry to industrialize, which led to the eventual destruction of the Indian textile market both in Europe and in India.
british political party founded in 1900 with the help of trade unions to represent the interests of the urban working class
Military dictator; gained control after independence movements
British Royal Society
association of scientists established in England in 1660 that was dedicated to the promotion of "useful knowledge"
the industrial working class
Latin American export boom
Large-scale increase in Latin American exports (mostly raw materials and foodstuffs) to industrializing countries in the second half of the nineteenth century, made possible by major improvements in shipping; the boom mostly benefited the upper and middle classes.
Belief system typical of the Middle class that developed in Britain in the nineteenth century; it emphasized thrift, hard work, ridged moral behavior, cleanliness, and "respectability"
socialism in the United States
1750-1914 : Fairly minor political movement in the United States, at its height in 1912 gaining 6 percent of the vote for its presidential candidate
1910-1911; middle-class reformers joined with workers and peasants to overthrow the long dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz
lower middle class
social stratum that developed in Britain in the nineteenth century and that consisted of people employed in the service sector as clerks, salespeople, secretaries, police officers, and the like; by 1900, this group comprised about 20 percent of Britain's population
reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses and improve the way government works
The theory that poor countries can still develop economically, but only in ways shaped by their reliance on the wealthier countries.
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