Terms in this set (39)
Symbols used to alter the pitch. (Flat, Sharp, & Natural Signs)
A two-part staff consisting of the treble staff on top and the bass staff on the bottom. These staves are connected by a bracket.
Barlines and measures
Barlines are vertical lines.
Measures are the spaces between the barlines.
Stem Rules: Note head is below the 3rd line.
Stems go up on the right.
Stem Rules: Note head is above the 3rd line.
Stem goes down on the left.
Stem Rules: Note head is on the third line.
Stem can go up or down.
Stem Rules: How long is the stem?
The stem must go through 3 additional lines or spaces. (An octave.)
Treble Clef Lines
Every Good Boy Does Fine (E G B D F )
Treble Clef Spaces
F A C E
Bass Clef Lines
Great Big Dreams For America (G B D F A )
Bass Clef Spaces
All Cows Eat Grass ( A C E G )
A staff is composed of 5 lines and 4 spaces.
Counting Lines and Spaces
You count from the bottom to top.
Lowers a pitch 1/2 step.
Raises a pitch 1/2 step.
Cancels a flat or a sharp.
Double Bar Line
Is drawn at the end of a section or a piece of music. Shown is the FINAL Double Bar Line.
A B C D E F G
Dotted Note Rules: Note head is on a space.
The dot is drawn in the same space as the note head.
Dotted Note Rules: Note head is on a line.
The dot is drawn in the space ABOVE the note head.
The flag is always on the right side of the stem regardless of the direction of the stem.
Parts of a note.
A steady, recurring pulse is called a ________.
How fast or slow the music is counted.
The loudness or softness of music.
the distance between two notes (general intervals are measured on the staff)
measured on the keyboard
(or semitone) is the distance from one key on the keyboard to the next adjacent key. A half step is not always from a black key to a white key.
(whole tone) is the same distance as two half steps.
Memorize these two half steps
EF and BC