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25 terms

Vocab/thoracic surgery

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bronchoscopy
direct visualization of the tracheobronchial tree following insertion of a rigid or flexible lighted scope
lung biopsy
excision of the small portion of the lung tissue for diagnosis
wedge resection of the lung
excision of a small part from the periphery of a pylmonary lobe
pneumothorax
accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity, resulting in the collapse of the lung on the affected side
bronchial washings
secretions obtained from the bronchi for laboratory examination following injection and aspiration of small amounts of saline
mediastinoscopy
direct visualization of the mediastinal space and lymph nodes by means of a lighted scope
pleura
serous membrane enclosing the lungs and lining the walls of the thoracic cavity
decortication of the lung
excision of the fibrinous deposits or restrictive membranes of pleurae that interfere with respiratory function
empyema
pus in a body cavity, expecially in the pleural cavity
thoracotomy
incision into the thoracic cavity to provide to provide access to organs of the chest
thoracoscopy
direct visualization of the pleural space, pleurae, mediastinum, pericardium, and thoracic wall by means of a lighted scope
reserve air
maximum volume of air that can be expired from the resting expiratory level
hemothorax
accumulation of blood or fluid in the pleural cavity caused by the rupture of small blood vessels due to trauma or inflammation of the lungs in pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis, or a malignant growth
esophagoscopy
direct visualization of the esophagus and cardiac portion of the stomach by means of a lighted scope
lobes
well-defined portions; the right lung has 3, the left lung has 2
segments of the lung
small subdivision of the lobes of the lung, seperate from others by connective tissue and supplied by seperated branches of the bronchus leading to the particular lobe
intercostal space
space between two ribs
residual air
amount of air remaining in the lungs @ the end of a maximum respiration
pleural effusion
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
suprasternal notch
soft indentation along the midline immediately above the sternum
hypoxia
lack of an adequate amount of oxygen in inspired air; reduced oxygen content or tension
segmental resection of the lung
removal of an individual bronchovascular segment of a pulmonary lobe with ligation of segmental branches of pulmonary vessels and division of the segmental bronchus
tidal air
amount of air inhaled and exhaled during normal quiet breathing
pectus excavatum
congenital malformation of the chest wall characterized by a funnel-shaped depression of the lower end of the sternum and costal cartilages
thoracic cavity
space lying above the diaphragm and below the base of the neck