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direct visualization of the tracheobronchial tree following insertion of a rigid or flexible lighted scope
accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity, resulting in the collapse of the lung on the affected side
secretions obtained from the bronchi for laboratory examination following injection and aspiration of small amounts of saline
direct visualization of the mediastinal space and lymph nodes by means of a lighted scope
decortication of the lung
excision of the fibrinous deposits or restrictive membranes of pleurae that interfere with respiratory function
direct visualization of the pleural space, pleurae, mediastinum, pericardium, and thoracic wall by means of a lighted scope
accumulation of blood or fluid in the pleural cavity caused by the rupture of small blood vessels due to trauma or inflammation of the lungs in pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis, or a malignant growth
direct visualization of the esophagus and cardiac portion of the stomach by means of a lighted scope
segments of the lung
small subdivision of the lobes of the lung, seperate from others by connective tissue and supplied by seperated branches of the bronchus leading to the particular lobe
segmental resection of the lung
removal of an individual bronchovascular segment of a pulmonary lobe with ligation of segmental branches of pulmonary vessels and division of the segmental bronchus
congenital malformation of the chest wall characterized by a funnel-shaped depression of the lower end of the sternum and costal cartilages
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