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12 terms

Social deviance

Basic definitions and theories
STUDY
PLAY
Deviance:
Any behaviour that violates social norms, and is usually odf sufficient severity to warrant disapporval from the majority of society
Crime:
The violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law
Social control:
Attempts by society to control thoughts and behaviours of individuals
Criminal justice system:
A formal response by police, courts and prison officials in regards to alleged violations of the law
Labelling theory:
The idea that deviance comes from society's reactioons rather than the actions of an individual
Stigma:
A powerfully negative label that greatly changes a person's self concept and social identity
Medicalisation of deviance:
The transformation of moral and legal deviance into a medical tradition
White-collar crime:
Crime committed by people of high social rank during the course of their occupation
Retribution:
An act of moral vengeance by which society makes the offender suffer as much as the victim
Deterrence:
The attempt to discourage criminality by using punishment
Rehabilitation:
A program for reforming the offender, to prevent repeat offences
Recidivism:
Later offences committed by those previously convicted of crimes