4- Middle East Review- Practitioner- Expert
Terms in this set (65)
This body of water surrounds
Qatar on three sides.
Who was the dictator of
Iraq for nearly 25 years?
Name the three monotheistic
religions in chronological order.
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
religion, language, holidays,
customs, traditions, clothing,
architecture, occupations, etc. are called elements of ___________
Iraq attacked Kuwait in 1991 for _ _ _.
a government in which
the supreme power is held in
the hands of a royal family member who reigns (rules)
over a state or territory,
The U.N. said Iraq could not build or make _ _ _ _ _ _ _ and chemical weapons after 1991.
Who is the founder of Christianity?
a form of government in which a
ruler has absolute power
(not restricted by
a constitution or laws).
In addition to natural gas,
Qatar is also one of the world's
top producer of this natural resource (along with many other Middle Eastern countries).
The holy book of Islam
Quran or Koran
a government in which the supreme power
rests in the body of citizens entitled
to vote for officers and representatives
responsible to them.
standard of living
A country's ___________ _ ___________
various factors including but not
limited to life expectancy,
literacy rates, access to health care,
access to education, infant
mortality rate, economic success, etc.
The _________ _________is an international organization founded in 1945 after the Second World War
by 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights.
Under Saddam Hussein, Iraq's government was a _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ because he held absolute power using fear and violence.
When Saddam Hussein first came to power, the United States was Iraq's ally in a war against _ _ _ _.
After the United States helped Iraq fight a war with Iran, but before Saddam Hussein lead Iraq in attacking Kuwait for oil wealth, Saddam Hussein used chemical weapons against the _ _ _ _ _, his own citizens.
In the Gulf War, the United States was an ally of _ _ _ _ _ _, because it did not think it was right for Saddam Hussein to to attack a smaller country.
The Gulf War
After the ___________________, the U.N. decided Iraq must have regular inspections to determine if it is making weapons of mass destruction, Iraq refused to let the UN weapons inspectors into the country in 1998.
U.S. government officials feared that if Iraq was making WMDs they could fall into the hands of a _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ organization.
After the United States attacked Iraq in 2003 and Saddam Hussein was taken out of power, some of the main goals for the U.S. troops in Iraq were to make the country safe for _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _.
Did the United States ever find weapons of mass destruction in Iraq when it invaded in 2003?
What did Saddam Hussein use against his own people (the Kurds) in the 1980s?
In what year did the last U.S. troops leave Iraq?
The UN said Iraq must submit to regular _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ after the Gulf War in 1991.
The Holy Book for Christianity
The Holy Book for Judaism
The _______________ ___________ is nicknamed a "Congress for Countries" by your teacher.
standard of living
The degree of wealth and material comfort available to a person or community.
A country with many industries and a stable economy
A country that has low industrial production and little to no modern technology
a form of government in which power is held in the hands of a royal family member; Qatar has this form of government and has had the same family in power for 150 years
The process of spreading ideas, languages and customs from one culture to another.
The discovery of this natural resource brought wealth to the majority of the Middle East
Qatar has created a system of extracting this natural resource from the ocean floor and changing its state of matter
This body of water is located north of Turkey
Rub' al Khali
This desert is located in the southern part of Saudi Arabia and is one of the largest sand deserts in the world. ____________________
This landform contains the countries of Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Oman (to name a few). It is called this because it is surrounded by water on three sides. _______________________
This waterway begins in Turkey, runs through Iraq and Kuwait, and out through the Persian Gulf.
A cooperative settlement found in Israel
(n.) one who rebels or rises against authority (Many of the conflicts we studied involved insurgent or rebel groups rising up within a country to try to change or overthrow a government.)
non- OPEC countries (not major oil producers)
Bahrain, Israel, (see the oil slides for more on this)
The Euphrates and __________________ Rivers are the two major rivers in the Middle East.
A mass slaughter of Jews and other civilians, carried out by the Nazi government of Germany before and during World War II.
oil that has been discovered but remains unused in the ground
a natural resource that is not replenished or replaced by natural processes or is used at a rate that exceeds its replacement rate
A fertile place in a desert where there is water and vegetation
-Governing body of the Gaza Strip
-Doesn't recognize Israel's right to statehood
-Palestinian governing body of the West Bank
-Recognizes Israel as an independent country
-a Palestinian political and military organization founded by Yasser Arafat in 1958 to work toward the creation of a Palestinian state
right of return
This idea asserts that Palestinian refugees (both first-generation and descendants) have a right to return and a right to property left behind in Israel/Palestine as a result of mid 1900s conflicts.
Group of people who share common ancestry, language, religion, customs, or combination of such characteristics (i.e. Persians, Greeks, Arabs, Irish. Latinos, Han)
Group of people who share the same belief system (i.e. Muslims, Christinas, Jews, Buddhists, )
political groups or or affiliation
people within the group who are citizens of a country or support a particular government (Israelis, Palestinians, Americans, Mexicans, Canadians, Chinese)
a group of people who share a common language (i.e. Spanish, English, Arabic, French, Mandarin)
two ways people interact with the environment of the Middle East.
- transport goods on waterways (i.e. Suez Canal, Persian Gulf
-desalinization plants (factories which turn salt water into drinking water)
-drill for oil and natural gas
-farm, particularly in the Fertile Crescent
two most important natural resources in the Middle East.
oil and natural gas
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
holy city for all three major monotheistic religions
name of the major ethnic group of the Middle East
name used to describe the followers of Islam, the major religious group of the Middle East
name of the most widely spoken language of the Middle East
The branch of Islam that believes that the Muslim community should select its leaders; the Sunnis are the largest branch of Islam
The second largest sect within Islam- also known as Shi-ite. It originated in the early centuries of Islam over a political dispute over who would be the next Caliph or leader of the community after Muhammad died. This group believed that Muhammad's son-in-law and cousin Ali should be the Caliph. Over time this sects religious interpretations and practices have also come to differ slightly from most Muslims.
Muslims pray in the direction of ____________________, because the prophet muhammad was born there.
Gaza Strip, West Bank
Two occupied territories by Israel.