Chapters 13 and 14 section 1 and 2
Terms in this set (56)
Chief of state
the titular head of a nation as distinct from the head of the government.
Commander in Chief
a head of state or officer in supreme command of a country's armed forces.
The order in which the office of president is to be filled if it becomes vacant.
A principal executive official, such as the leader of a nation's government or the governor of a state.
term of the President as architect of public policy and the one who sets the agenda for Congress
Balance the ticket
it is when a political candidate chooses a running mate, usually of the same party, with the goal of bringing more widespread appeal to the campaign.
term for the President as head of the administration of the Federal Government
Chief of party
term for the President as the leader of his or her political party
term for the President as the main architect of foreign policy and spokesperson to other countries
term for the President as the representative of the people, working for the public interest
What major roles does a president play?
1: Chief executive
2: Chief diplomat
3: Commander in chief
4: Chief legislature
5: Chief of party
6: Chief guardian of the economy
What are the formal qualifications to be a president?
1: you must be a natural born citizen
2: 35 years or older
3: lived in U.S for 14 years
What does the constitution provide for presidential succession?
If neither the president nor the VP can serve, congress can provide a law stating who is next in line.
What are the constitutional provisions relating to presidential disability?
25th amendment deals with succession of presidency and establish procedures both for filling vacancies in office for the vice president as well as responding to presidential disabilities
What is the role of the Vice President?
The vice president acts as preceding officer of the senate
What is the presidential succession?
Process where a president vacancy is filled (due to death, resignation, or impeachment)
Describe the purpose of the presidential succession act of 1947.
To always have someone next in line after Vice president
Explain the purpose of the 25th amendment.
Addresses the disability issue
What happens if the president becomes disables?
Presidency is temporarily filled by vice president
What are the formal duties of the Vice President?
1: Preside over senate and cast tie breaking votes
2: Preside over and clarify official vote
Why do some people have a low opinion of the vice presidency?
Because of the way they choose their candidates for office
Is the vice presidency an important office today? Explain
No it is not, because the president has been willing to make its VP true
Article II of the Constitution. Establishes the presidency and gives the executive power of the Federal Government to the President.
Oath of Office
Oath taken by the President on the day he takes office, pledging to "faithfully execute" the office and "preserve, protect, and defend" the Constitution.
a formal agreement between two or more sovereign states.
The President acknowledges the legal existence of a specific country and its government. The US accepts that country as an equal in the family of nations.
Legal forgiveness of a crime
A blanket pardon offered to a group of law violators.
forms of communication, especially radio, television, and the Internet
a directive, rule or, regulation that has the effect of law.
a pact between the President and the head of a foreign state, or between their subordinates. Unlike treaties, executive agreements do not require Senate consent.
Persona non Grata
an unwelcome person
Mercy or leniency granted to an offender by a chief executive
Describing a President as an "emperor" who acts without consulting Congress or acts in secrecy to evade or deceive Congress; often used in reference to Richard Nixon's presidency.
Power of the President to issue executive orders; originates from the Constitution and acts of Congress.
postponement of the execution of a sentence.
Veto where the President has the power to cancel specific dollar amounts in spending bills enacted by Congress.
the power to reduce the length of a sentence or a fine imposed by court
Why has presidential power grown over time?
unity of presidency, the nations increasingly complex social and economic life, and the need for immediate and decisive actions
What is the ordinance power, and what is its source?
The ordinance power describes president's authority to issue excessive orders. Its main two sources are congress and constitution
How does the appointment power work?
the president has the ability to appoint people to certain jobs within the government, but congress has more power
What controversy has surrounded the removal power?
it is that the President may remove any officeholders he or she has appointed.
How are treaties made and approved?
The president makes treaties "by the Advice and consent of the Senate,...provided two thirds of the Senators present concur." The Senate may accept or reject treaty, or it may decide to offer amendments, reservations, or understandings to it.
Why and how are executive agreements made?
it is made because it is a requirement for ratification by 2/3 of the U.S. The senate an agreement between the United States and a foreign government that is less formal than a treaty deals makes the agreement
What is the purpose of the recognition power?
It allows the President to receive ambassadors, public ministers and recognize foreign governments without consulting Congress.
What are the president's legislative powers?
1: recommending legislature
2: veto power
3 line item veto
What are the presidents judicial powers?
What does article 2 of the constitution set up?
It makes the executive branch
What is the main duty of the president?
To carry out the laws
Which branch of government is the presidents responsibility?
Why is article 2 considered an "outline" of the presidents powers?
Because it talks about the "constitutional powers of the president"
How did president William Howard Taft view presidential power?
He lacked view on presidential power
What does it mean to execute the law?
It means that the president carries out the law
What does article 2, section 3 of the constitution demand of the president?
It demands that president combat armed forces, and make treaties
Which federal workers are named by the president?
Ambassadors, diplomats, all federal judges, all military offices in U.S
Who confirms presidential appointments?
The senate and joint committee