Terms in this set (21)
Anything that is homogenous, nonfiltered, nonseparated by gravity, and less than one nanometer in particle size
Able to be dissolved
Anything greater than 1000 nanometers in particle size, opaque, heterogeneous, filtered, and/or settled
Anything greater that one nanometer, but less than 1000 nanometers in size, translucent, stays in suspension, can not be filtered, seen with the naked eye, and is heterogeneous
Light is scattered by a transparent medium in this effect found in colloids.
The colloidal dispersion of one liquid in another
ex: oil and water
polar and nonpolar
These are dissolvable in water and have ionic bonds in groups 1, 2, 16, and 17
These are large molecules that are non conducting
ex: proteins, carbs, sugar, etc
Taking an ion apart
Equation that includes only those compounds and ions that undergo a chemical change in a reaction in an aqueous solution
Ions that don't take part in a chemical reaction and are found in a solution both before and after the reaction
4 ions (aq) -----> one solid and two ions (aq)
Vapor Pressure Lowering
The lowering of vapor pressure of a solvent by the addition of a nonvolatile solute to the solvent.
Freezing Point Depression
The difference in temperature between a solution's freezing point and the freezing point of its pure solvent.
Boiling Point Elevation
the difference in temperature between the boiling point of a solution and the boiling point of the pure solvent
pressure that must be applied to prevent osmotic movement across a selectively permeable membrane
Properties of solutions that vary by concentration of solute but not identity
A common measure of solute concentration, referring to the number of moles of solute per liter of solution.
the concentration of a solution expressed in moles of solute per kilogram of solvent