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81 terms

Music Final

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Signaled the transfer of power from the aristocracy to the middle class
French Revolution
During the 19th century, concert life began to center in
the public music hall
In the Romantic Era, skilled musicians were trained at
conservatories
most important genre of orchestral music during the Romantic era?
symphony
Romantic composers sought to make instruments sing. This is best described as the element
melody
The German term for art song
Lied
A group of Lieder unified by some narrative thread or descriptive theme is called
a song cycle
Elfking was a setting of the ballad written by
Johann Wolfgang van Goethe
Schumann's "In the Lovely Month of May" is from the song cycle
A Poet's Love
The most important keyboard instrument during the romantic period is
the piano
Titles such as Prelude, Impromptu, and Intermezzo are used for
short, lyric piano pieces
The "poet of the piano"
Frederic Chopin
Chopin spent most of his productive life in
Paris
Hensel was discouraged from pursuing a career as a composer because
she was a woman
Stephen Foster did not compose
When Johnny Comes Marching Home
Had movies been invented in the nineteenth century, the genre of incidental music would be most similar to
film soundtracks
first great exponent of musical Romanticism in France.
Hector Berlioz
first Bohemian composer to achieve international prominence
Bedrich Smetana
Smetana's My Country is a set of
six symphonic poems
The Mighty Five were composers from
Russia
A large-scale work in several movements for solo instrument(s) and orchestra is called a
concerto
number of movements in a typical symphony
four
form of the first movement of a symphony
sonata-allegro
Scheme of a traditional symphony
fast-slow-dance-fast
often described as a traditionalist, because of his use of forms of the Classical masters
Brahms
The Afro-American Symphony was written by
William Grant Still
National styles of opera developed in
Italy, France, Germany
nineteenth-century opera singer who was known as the Swedish Nightingale
Jenny Lind
Italian comic opera is called
Opera buffa
widely loved nationalist opera composer
Giuseppe Verdi
Verdi's last opera completed at the age eighty
Falstaff
Richard Wagner
music composer and writer
In the last decades of the nineteenth century, composers fell under the influence of or reacted against
Richard Wagner
The two principal centers of nineteenth-century ballet were
France and Russia
Tchaikovsky's principal patron
Nadezhda von Meck
Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker is based on a story by
E.T.A Hoffman
The post-Romantic ear lasted from approximately
1800-1910
Puccini did not write
Pagliacci
Impressionism was a style cultivated principally in
Paris
Expressionism originated in
Germany
Impressionism is music is best exemplified by the works of
Claude Debussy
The element of rhythm in twentieth-century music is best characterized as
disregarding the basic metrical meters of the past
The element that most decisively separated twentieth-century music from that of the past
harmony
The composer most closely associated with twelve-tone music is
Arnold Schoenberg
Paris based Russian ballet impresario that commissioned Stravinsky to write ballets
Serge Diaghilev
Stravinsky did not write
Daphnis et Chloe
The Rite of Spring opened in Paris in 1913 to
a near riot
Alban Berg
disciple of Schoenberg, best known for his operas Wozzeck and Lulu
Delius
NOT a twentieth century Russian composer
An important American instrumental ensemble of the nineteenth-century was the
brass band
America's greatest bandmaster
John Phillip Sousa
The first American composer of the twentieth-century is
Charles Ives
Ives received a Pulitzer Prize for
Symphony No 3
Of the following, which type of music was NOT composed by William Grant Still?
Avant-garde electronic music
Aaron Copland's Billy the Kid is
a ballet
Copland composed Appalachian Spring for
Martha Graham
What is considered to be America's unique contribution to theater?
the musical
What American city is considered the birthplace of jazz?
New Orleans
Which of the following was NOT a superstar of the 1980's?
Elvis Presley
Over 300,000 music fans attended the Woodstock Festival held in upstate New York in August:
1969
Music that is performed on screen and is part of the drama itself is called:
source music
Rock and roll emerged as a union of which two styles?
rhythm/blues and country/western
Which early twentieth-century songwriter composed the wartime hit Over There?
George M. Cohan
Music made up of natural sounds that are recorded and then altered is called:
Musique concrete
Which of the following is an established, living American composer of musicals?
Stephen Sondheim
American musical theater developed from _____________, whose repertory includes the works of Gilbert and Sullivan.
operetta
Tin Pan Alley
center of music publishing in New York
The element of melody in twentieth-century music is best characterized by
wide leaps and dissonant intervals
Take a Train was composed by
Billy Strayhorn
Stephen Sondheim wrote the lyrics for
West Side Story
West Side Story
modern-day musical setting of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet
John Williams did NOT
write the Titanic film scores
The "father of soul"
Ray Charles
Who was NOT a member of the Beatles?
Roger McGuinn
David Bowie and Elton John are representatives of
the glitter rock style
John Cage
invented the prepared piano
Bright Sheng was born in
Shanghai
Librettist for Doctor Atomic
Peter Sellars
African-American music forms the roots of the popular American musical styles of
ragtime, blues, and jazz
The program of Debussy's Prelude to "The Afternoon of a Faun" evokes
a landscape of a pagan mythological creature
Romantic Choral music
flowered during the 19th century, attracted non-musical people, Schubert, Schumann, Hendelssohn, Brahms.