Which of the following purposes of art is met by a Baroque composer writing a requiem mass?
Illuminating the spiritual
Which of the following functions of art is best reflected in an anti-war protest song?
Political and social commentary
Artists often employ _______________to achieve the effect of three-dimensions on flat surfaces.
shading and perspective
Which of the following purposes of art is most clearly reflected in a documentary on the NASA space shuttle program?
Representing the world
_________________ is when artwork creates a sense of motion through line, form, and juxtaposition
______________has the properties of direction, width and length. The path of a moving point through space
_______________ makes a work of art feel cohesive and finished, with all the elements looking as though they belong together
Which of the following functions of art is reflected in a museum collection of 19th century Wedgewood china?
____________ is the process of making works of art by transferring an inked image to another surface (usually paper).
In ________________, an image is printed by forcing ink through a stencil (image) on a screen stretched with a fine silk or similar fabric; also called silk-screening or screen-printing. This method of printmaking allows printers to make large areas of uniform color in their printed designs.
In __________________, an image is printed by leaving the image surface raised, with remaining areas cut away, as with woodcut or linoleum cut printing.
In _____________ , an image is printed using the antipathy of oil and water; a flat surface with a design area (image) that is ink-receptive is printed and the non-printed area is ink-repellent.
In ____________, an image is printed from a recessed design. An incising or etching technique may be used to create the design on the surface of the plate to be pressed against paper.
______________ involves burning an image onto metal with acid, which allows for creating intaglio with precise lines.
_____________ is a method of etching (intaglio) that imitates the broad tints of a water color.
_______________ is any method of producing an image by using the action of light on a light-sensitive medium such as a film or a sensor.
named after its French inventor Louis Daguerre, an early (1839) photographic process where an image is made directly onto a light-sensitive silver-coated metallic plate, without using a negative
Photography as a visual art requires the photographer to:
design an image
compose an image
execute an image
Two-dimensional art that is so naturalistic that it appears to have depth and distance has been dubbed by the French ________________.
The printmaking technique of ___________ prints an image from a recessed design incised or etched into the surface of a plate.
____________ is the size, shape, and volume of forms, occupies a more prominent place in three-dimensional art. T
Is the least likely factor for a three-dimensional artwork having greater impact on the viewer than that of a two-dimensional work of art.
The use of perspective
_____________ A sculpture employing three-dimensions and meant to be viewed from any and all angles.
Full round sculpture
_____________ A sculpture employing three dimensions, raised from or attached to a background and meant to be seen from one side. Mount Rushmore is an example.
_____________ A sculpture, such as a mobile, in which the artist employs flat and elongated (almost two-dimensional) materials. Example: Vertical foliage, Alexander Calder, 1941
_________ is a representation of a person, animal, or event, often for celebratory or monumental purposes. Example: Felix de Welden's U.S. Marine Corps War Memorial (Iwo Jima Memorial) at Arlington National Cemetery
__________ is a significant person on horseback. Example: Rudolf Siemering's The Washington Monument in Philadelphia
A _______________ is a representation of a man or woman from the chest up. Example: Bust of Emperor Tiberius
A __________________ is a sculpture that features moving water. Example: Carl Milles Triton in Stockholm, Sweden
A _______________ is a type of kinetic sculpture in which parts move, often by air currents. Example: Vertical foliage, Alexander Calder, 1941
A ______________ is a type of sculpture which emphasizes the substances or materials from which it is made. Example: Maria Magdalena carved from precious gemstones.
An ______________ is a sculpture designed to make a statement and then cease to exist. Example: Christo and Jeanne-Claude's Wrapped Coast, One Million Square Feet, Little Bay, Australia (1968-69).
________________ is the science and art of designing buildings, environments, and other structures.
First and foremost, buildings need to withstand the external environment (wind, snow, rain, etc.) and they must be structurally sound (which is where engineering is required)
Function represents the practical uses of the building and how that is reflected in its form.
An architectural style that emerged in the 1930s which stressed function and, with the use of new materials, designed buildings to have outside walls of materials such as glass, instead of large heavy walls.
The belief that architects should design a building based on the purpose of that building.
The inclusion or combination of several different styles in one composition or work of art.
The size or apparent size of an object seen in relation to other objects, people, or its environment.
A projecting beam or bracket stabilized by the weight of the wall from which it extends (such as a balcony). Example: Frank Lloyd Wright's Fallingwater house (1935)
An architectural design where horizontal pieces or beams (lintels) are held up by vertical columns (posts).
A decorative device generally placed at the top of a column as a transition for the eye as it moves from post (column) to lintel beam.
_____________________ is the design and construction of three-dimensional outdoor space for beauty and use.
A sculpture employing three-dimensions attached to a background and meant to be seen from one side is called:
A projecting beam or bracket stabilized by the weight of the wall from which it extends is called a:
All of the following are considered a key factor in landscape design.
the function of the design
those for whom the spaces are created
the influence of the particular site and surroundings
Architects who design buildings based on the purpose of the structure are following ___________________.
__________________ is the representation of objects receding into the distance in two-dimensional art.
_____________ is a vivid water-based paint, usually applied to paper, with outstanding brilliance and translucence; also, term for resulting artwork.
_______________ is the relative relationship of shapes or forms to one another in regards to size, height, width, length, or depth.
_________________ is the exact duplication of elements (shapes, forms, etc) on either side of a (usually imaginary) straight-lined central axis.
_______________ in printing, a technique in which the intended printing surface is left raised, with remaining areas cut away.
_______________________ is when a viewer considers foreground and background independently and recognizes the separation between them.
_______________________ is the use of foreshortening and a vanishing point to create the illusion of depth.
_________________________________ is the use of light, atmosphere, and haziness to indicate depth or distance.
Aerial or atmospheric perspective
____________________ is a sculptural relief in which forms extend from the background to at least half their depth.
___________________ is a painting technique which originated in ancient times, using pigments mixed with melted beeswax as a binder.
______________ is the perception of reflected or emitted light in terms of hue, value, and intensity.
____________________ is when art is assembled from common every day items. Example: using a bike wheel or other object as art.
a printing technique that forces ink through a stencil (image) on a screen stretched with a fine silk or similar fabric; also called silk-screening or screen-printing.
the size or apparent size of an object seen in relation to other objects, people, or its environment.
a printmaking technique (intaglio) involving drawing directly onto the surface of a metal plate with a sharp, pointed tool, often with a diamond point.
the common name of a color (red, blue, green, yellow) and its position in the spectrum or on the color wheel.
a paint made of color pigments mixed in slowly drying oil; its main binding agent for pigment is linseed oil.
a painting technique that applies water-based paint to a wet-plaster surface; also, resulting artwork.
a sense of equilibrium in an artwork, achieved through weight, attention, or attraction of visual elements.
a soft, colored chalk stick or crayon made of pigments and a gum binder, usually applied to paper; also, resulting artwork.
_______________ can be defined as an innate or learned ability to appreciate a work of art.
(line, form, color, space, and texture) are the basic visual material with which artists create works of art.
(repetition, balance, unity, focal area) are ways artists arrange the elements to greatest effect.
describes an artist's technique, or specific use of the general visual elements and principles.
Rule of Thirds
holds that in a more interesting composition the focal point is not in the center but rather in an outlying area.
used soft focus, special filters and lens coatings, darkroom manipulation, and innovative printing processes to try to match the aesthetic effects of painting and printmaking. Alfred Stieglitz was a leading advocate of pictorialism.