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19 terms

Pathology comp final

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chronic bronchitis
a cough for three consecutive months for two years
pleural effusion
excessive fluid on the pleural space
pulmonary edema
swelling of alveolar walls and interstitial spaces which result in white/pink frothy sputum
pulmonary embolism
a blood clot in the artery with in the lung
myasthenia gravis
signs are droopy eyelids,double vision,and muscle weakness that comes and goes
ALS
is diagnosed by ruling out other disorders
GB
usually preceded by an infection or immunization,
results in the immune system attacking the myelin sheath
DMD
affects mostly males at birth.
known for degeneration of muscles with increasing severe weakness
pulmonary fibrosis
scarring of the lung tissue due to an inhaled particle
cystic fibrosis
symptoms are: failure to grow,greasy stools,salty skin,chronic cough
Due to an inherited defect in chromosome 7
RSV
caused by a virus .in older children Nd adults it may be just a \"common cold\"
IRDS
is also known as hyaline membrane disease
it is due to a lack of surfactant from immature lung development
bronchopulmonary dysplasia
from high pressures and high FiO2 from being ventilated for more than 7 days
meconium aspiration
occurs usually in term or post term infants after they aspirate fetal bowels in amniotic fluid
diaphragmatic hernia
is when the diaphragm protrudes through the lung which usually results in emergency surgery
PDA
systolic murmur aka \" washing machine\" heard in upper left sternal border
tetrology of fallot
is made up of four cadiac defects
transposition of great vessels
is when the aorta rises from the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery rises from left ventricle
TTN
AKA Type II Respiratory Distress Syndrome
The neonate may have good APGAR scores at birth but deteriorates a few hours later