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42 terms

Sociology Test 2

Terms
STUDY
PLAY
Balance theory
Strive for balance & consistency in our lives, social relationship, attitudes, & behaviors.
Power
The ability to get someone to do something you want them to do
Power Sources
-Use of Force
-Control over resources
-Control over people
Authority
Legitimate right to tell someone what to do. (Legitimate of Power)
Traditional authority
Based on longstanding ways of doing things. Done for centuries
Charismatic authority
Based on exceptional personal qualities of the leader.
Rational-legal authority
Based on formal legal documents, written laws/ specify how leader is chosen, how long they hold position
Expert authority
Based on specialized knowledge.
The norm of reciprocity
States that when we get something from someone else that creates a responsibility to give something back.
Lawrence v Texas
Convicted of crimes against nature.
Origen
Most prominent Christian leader. Got castrated so he wouldn't feel the sexual urge.
Deviance
is any act that will evoke social sanctions where people show their disapproval. (what someone does)
Deviance sanctions
Internalization of norms
Gossip & social approbation
Economic sanctions
Legal sanctions
Emile Durkheim
Noted 2 things:
-Every society has deviance
-Deviance performs some function for society
Stigma
use term now to describe any characteristics that if it is known about it will cause that person to be devalued in eyes of dominant society
Physical blemishes
describe something wrong with a person's body. (AIDS)
Moral blemishes
problem with person's moral character (criminal, prostitutes, AIDS)
Tribal blemishes
result to belonging to devalued group in society. by race or ethnicity, social class, by sex.
The Medicalization of Deviance
Refers to attempts to find biological/psychatric cause for all unwanted behavior.
Passing
Hiding your stigma so other people don't think you have it. Pass self as ordinary person
Covering
Admitting the stigma wither explicitly or implicitly. Engaging in some strategy to make stigma less intrusive in social interaction.
The "OWN"
other people who have that stigma/anyone you could be talking about.
The "Straights"
people in society who do not have that specific stigma.
The "WISE"
people who know someone has a stigma but instead of treating em differently, they accept them & treat em normal.
Karl Marx Idea of Social Class
People can become wealthy/poweful
-Status
-Prestige
Socioeconomic Status (SES)
1. Income
2.Educational credentials
3. Occupational prestige
C. Wright Mills
The Power Elite
Certain individuals coming from overlapping social circles at the very top of America society where retrained from birth in the knowledge that some day they will be making decisions that effect millions of people
Human Capital
is what our position is based off of. Describes indiv resources that a person brings to a job.
Social capital
is made up of our social categories and the social groups we belong to. m or f/ religion/ social networks
Cultural capital
Include cultural knowledge/artifacts that we consume
High Brow Culture
Only wealthy people take part:
-opera
-ballet
-polo
Low Brow Culture
Entertainment for the masses:
-hollywood movies
-popular genre of music
Race-(folk definition)
A category of people treated as distinct based on physical characteristics to which social importance has been assigned.
Race-(biology definition)
Interbreeding population with genetic characteristics that differ from other populations.
Megroid
very dark skin
Mongolad
brown/copper skin
William Julius Wilson
Many problems we perceive as race problems in this country are really not race problems; instead they are social problems.
Morris Rosenberg
Conceiving the Self
Gave self esteem tests.
Sex
Biological makeup; role in reproduction
Gender
Expected behaviors & dispositions
Sandra Bam
3 Lenses of Gender
Biological Essentialism
Androcentrism
Gender polarization
Courtesy stigma
give person stigma bcuz of close association with other people who do have stigma (family members of criminals)