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Agreements among States and with foreign states; more than 200 pacts are currently in force
2 interstate compacts joined by all 50 States
1 - Compact for the Supervision of Parolees and Probationers
2 - Compact on Juveniles
Full Faith and Credit
Article IV, section 1: "Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State" - every State has to recognize and respect the validity of the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State
Refers to documents such as birth, death, and marriage certificates, deeds to property, car registrations, etc.
Relate to the outcomes of court actions: damage awards, probating of wills, divorce decrees, etc.
2 exceptions to Full Faith and Credit Clause
1 - Clause applies only to civil matters - not criminal; hence one State cannot enforce another State's criminal law
2 - Full faith and credit need not be given to certain divorces granted by one State to residents of another State; person who obtained a divorce has to be a resident of the State granting the divorce or another State can refuse to recognize the divorce
Legal process stated in Article IV, section 2, by which a fugitive from justice in one State can be returned to that State; prevents a person from escaping justice by fleeing from a State
Privileges and Immunities Clause
Article IV, section 2; no State can draw unreasonable distinctions between its own residents and those of people who live in another State; every State must recognize the right of any American to travel in or become a resident of that State; does allow for "reasonable" distinctions between a State's own residents and residents of other States
"Reasonable" distinctions allowed by Privileges and Immunities Clause
1 - State can require a person live within the State for a certain period of time before being able to vote, hold public office, or practice law, medicine, dentistry, etc.
2 - State can require nonresidents to pay higher fees for fishing or hunting licenses than those paid by State residents
3 - State colleges and universities can require out-of-state students to pay higher tuition rates than in-state students
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