GOPO Bureaucracy Terms
Terms in this set (52)
A form of organization that operates through impersonal, uniform rules and procedures.
A career government employee.
Usually the largest organization in government with the largest mission; also the highest rank in Federal hierarchy.
A government entity that is independent of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
Independent regulatory commission
A government agency or commission with regulatory power whose independence is protected by Congress. Examples are the FCC and the EPA.
A government agency that operates like a business corporation, created to secure greater freedom of action and flexibility for a particular program. KET, NPR, TVA, USPS are examples.
A system of public employment based on rewarding party loyalists and friends.
A system of public employment in which selection and promotion depend on demonstrated performance rather than political patronage.
Office of Personnel Management (OPM)
Agency that administers civil service laws, rules, and regulations.
The process of putting a law into practice through bureaucratic rules or spending.
The formal instructions that government issues for implementing laws. The way the government controls private businesses. Examples include hiring equality and those regarding environmental issues.
The portion of the Federal budget that is spent on programs, such as Social Security, that the president and Congress are unwilling to cut.
Programs such as unemployment insurance, disability relief, or disability payments that provide benefits to all eligible citizens.
Legislative or executive review of a particular government program or organization.Can be in response to a crisis of some kind or part of routine review.
An alliance among a bureaucratic agency/department, an interest group and a congressional committee. When they form, they can get a lot of things done in government. They are sometimes called sub governments.
A group of people who usually debate policy or political issues. They include policy experts, media pundits, congressional staff and members of interest groups. They often get hired for bureaucracy jobs.
The issues that a policy maker consider to be important. The media often influences the issues which receive public opinion.
a system of levels where one level is higher than the others.
a job working for the federal government such as for the postal system or anything in the bureaucracy
created the federal civil service and made all jobs in the bureaucracy based on merit, not on spoils
a law stating that federal employees can't campaign while they are on the clock and banning them from being fired for their political beliefs
a type of grant from the federal government to the state or local government where the state or local government gets to choose how the money is used. This is an example of devolution.
the fact that power has been shifted from the federal government to state and local governments. Started by Reagan in the 1980s.
a command from the federal government forcing state or local governments to do certain things. This has led to an increase of the number of state and local public employees.
Department of the Treasury
Cabinet department that is responsible for printing money
Independent regulatory agencies
Departments that regulate the the economy. Work more independently from the president than cabinet departments. Includes the ICC, SEC, NLRB and The Fed.
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
Independent regulatory agency that regulates the stock market
Interstate Commerce Commission - Independent regulatory agency that regulates business practices in the US and makes sure they are fair
National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)
Independent regulatory agency that regulates the treatment of employees by employers
Federal Reserve Board (The Fed)
Independent regulatory agency that regulates monetary policy
policy concerning things like interest rates, money supply and inflation. Controlled only the the Fed. (different from fiscal policy).
policy concerning taxing and spending. (different from monetary policy). Controlled by state and local governments and federal legislators and the president. Basically, budget making.
a feature of most bureaucracy positions where each person has one specific job
a phrase to describe the rules that bureaucrats must follow even if they don't make sense. Usually a derogatory phrase
another word for the spoils system
Office of Personnel Management. Does most of the hiring for most federal departments. Enforces the Pendleton Act.
a movement toward the federal government holding less rules over public businesses. Began as a part of devolution in the 1980s. The deregulation of the telecommunications industry and airlines are both examples.
Department Secretary (example: Secretary of State)
The head of each of 14 of the 15 cabinets
The only cabinet secretary that is not called a secretary. The head of the Department of Justices is called this.
The cabinet department responsible for printing currency
The idea the cabinet secretaries and subheads are loyal both the president (who got them the job) and to their cabinet department (who they work for). When these two conflict, the department usually wins.
General Services Administration - manages federal buildings. "The government's landlord". An example of an independent executive agency. (doesn't regulate)
Environmental Protection Agency. An example of an independent regulatory agency.
National Aeronautical and Space Administration. An example of an independent executive agency. (doesn't regulate)
Federal Trade Commission - regulates trade. An example of an independent regulatory agency.
When something goes wrong from where the law was passed in the legislative branch to how it was put in place in the executive branch. Happens a lot. Shocker.
Munn v. Illinois
Early 1800s. Upheld the right of the federal government to regulate businesses
Confirmation of cabinet secretaries
President can appoint cabinet heads, but the Senate must confirm them with a simple majority vote. Also the case with 'subheads' of the cabinets.
an order given by the president to a member of the bureaucracy. President can do this because she or he is the head of the executive branch
How congress controls the bureaucracy
Can refuse to appoint heads and subheads. Can cut or add to funding. Can oversee activities and budget. Can impeach secretaries and subheads. Can reorganize a bureaucracy department.
Divided authority of the bureaucracy
both Congress and the president have authority over the bureaucracy
The right of Congress to watch over the budget and actions of the bureaucracy
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