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19 terms

Congenital heart diseases

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patent ductus arteriosus
the pulmonary artery and the aorta are connected with an opening
3 to 6 days
the time it takes after birth for PDA to close
dyspnea
major clinical manifestation of acyanotic heart conditions
atrial septal defect
opening between the two atria - the foramen ovale fails to close after birth
ventricular septal defect
opening between left and right ventricle
ventricular septal defect
a clinical manifestation of this is left to right shunting with right heart enlargement
coarctation of the aorta
localized narrowing of the lumen of the aorta
stroke
complication of coarctation of the aorta
upper extremity hypertension
this is a major clinical manifestation of coarctation of the aorta
aortic stenosis
narrowing of the aortic valve orifice due to congenital aortic abnormalities, usually a bicuspid valve
antibiotics
what needs to be given prophylactically to patients with aortic stenosis
pulmonic stenosis
narrowing of the pulmonic valve orifice due to congenital abnormalities
pulmonic stenosis
causes right ventricular hypertrophy
tricuspid atresia
improper development of the tricuspid valve, right ventricle is underdeveloped
VSD, pulmonary stenosis, right ventricle hypertrophy, overriding aorta
four major defects of tetrology of fallot
tet spells
acute episodes of cyanosis leading to irritability, blackouts, and convulsions
transposition of the great vessels
the two main arteries - the pulmonary artery and the aorta a switched
truncus arteriosus
main arterial trunk fails to separate in embryonic life to form the pulmonary artery and aorta
hypoplastic left heart syndrome
most structures on the left side of the heart are small and underdeveloped