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21 terms

Module 11

STUDY
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Asepsis
1. Freedom from infection. 2. Prevention of contact with microorganisms
Bacteria
Microscopic, single-celled organisms without a nucleus; classified by size and shape, i.e., rod, round, or spiral
Blood-borne pathogens
Disease-causing microorganisms that are carried in the blood
Disease
Any deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of a part, organ, or system of the body as manifested by characteristic symptoms and signs; the etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.
Disinfectant
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Fungi
Plural form of fungus, which is a general term used to describe a group of protists, characterized by a lack of chlorophyll and the presence of a rigid cell wall. Examples include mushrooms, yeasts, rusts, and molds
Fomite
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Host
An animal or plant that nourishes another organism
Nosocomial
Pertaining to or originating in the hospital
Microorganism
Microscopic organism
Medical asepsis
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Infection
Invasion and multiplication of microorganisms or parasites in body tissues
Iatrogenic
Induced by the activities or therapy of a physician
Immunity
A condition of acquired or natural resistance to disease
Pathogen
Any disease-causing microscopic organism
Reservoir
A carrier or host that provides a place for a pathogen to thrive, usually without injury to the host/carrier
Standard Precautions
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Sterilization
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Surgical asepsis
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Vector
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Virus
A minute parasitic organism that can only replicate within a living cell