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36 terms

Forms of Government

This will help you study the different forms of government.
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Absolute Monarchy
Power is inherrited and there is one ruler (king). The ruler rules for life. The king controls money,land and the judges and military. This is the oldest political system. Revolution is the only wasy to be overthrown as king.
Representative Democracy
The people elect representatives and the representatives can be voted out. Power is in the people. They oversee military, police, laws, taxes both collecting them and spending them. There are multiple parties and every adult can vote.
What was the first country to have Representative Democracy?
Greece
Communism
They have communal ownership. The people own everything, but the government is in charge. There is one political party. Most people came to power from revolutions. They have a 20th century form of government. The Soviet Union is an example of communism.
Democratic Socialism
They have multiple parties and they provide healthcare and houses (social services). There are free elections. There is a mixed economy, the government owns some things, but not all. Sweedan and Germany had Socialism.
Fascism
They have private property with government control of military, laws, and business. The power is held in a dictator. There is only one party. You can cease power by war or revolution. Each person sacrifices something for the godd of the whole.
Anarchy
There were no laws, no government, everyone was free
Government
Process of a group or a person that creates and carries out taxes, laws, and freedom.
Power-Absolute Monarchy
King or Queen rules, you are born into it, and it changes when someone dies
Power-Representative Democracy
Real power rests with majority of the citizens, people (voters) elect representatives, representatives make laws, representatives can change when citizens are unhappy.
Power-Communism
Party decides who gets the power, only one party, party controls laws, military, transportation and court.
Power-Socialism
Power rests in voters, government can own transportation and business, many parties, like representative democracy
Power-Fascism
One party, party picks leader, militaristic.
Law and Order-Absolute Monarchy
King makes ALL laws, rules may or may not apply to everyone, judges (court) and military carry out laws.
Law and Order-Representative Democracy
Representatives make EQUAL laws, if you break a law you go to court, legislatures make the laws
Law and Order-Communism
Made by legislatures, forced labor camps when lawys are broken (instead of prision), one party appointed police and military
Law and Order-Socialism
Elected officials make and enforce laws, all laws are applied to all citizens, police are paid by taxes.
Law and Order-Fascism
Dictator advises the different groups about laws, party fills all positions of judges and police.
Liberty and Personal Freedom-Absolute Monarchy
As much freedom as wanted (king decides how much), no equaltiy because of slaves.
Liberty and Personal Freedom-Representative Democracy
Great value of equaltiy, each citizen is guaranteed rights, speech, and everyone is eual
Liberty and Personal Freedom-Communism
All people have equal rights and opportunities, party members are more equal than others, silence those who "rock the boat".
Liberty and Personal Freedom-Socialism
Strives for equality, provides extensive services that eliminate high class, high taxes and equal healthcare.
Liberty and Personal Freedom-Fascism
Limits personal freedom, forbids strikes by workers, control press school and police
Social Contract-Absolute Monarchy
King provides laws and unity. No elections. Not a party to a contract but he (king) haa a contract with him.
Social Contract-Representative Democracy
"By the people, for the people". Taxes are by the people. People decide where the taxes go.
Social Contract-Communism
Provides everything you need if you can give everything you've got (total commitment).
Social Contract-Socialism
Requires more participation for more social services. High taxes.
Social Contract-Fascism
Promise economic enterprise and stibility. Appeals to people who want a strong national government (strict). Control economy.
Pix and Nix-Absolute Monarchy
+Efficiant Government -No redress of grievance
Pix and Nix-Representative Democracy
+Liberty -Risk
Pix and Nix-Communism
+Redistribution -Loss of personal initiative
Pix and Nix-Socialism
+Security -Reduced opportunities
Pix and Nix-Fascism
+Pride and Unity -Loss of choice
Facts-Communism
Favors party members and the very talented (mentaly and physically).
Facts-Socialism
Favors the poor, sick and the weak.
Facts-Anarchy
Not a form of government. Never have to follow rules or laws.