23 terms

Unit 9: Arabia

STUDY
PLAY
Asia
the continent that the Arabian peninsula belongs to
Central/Inner Area
This area is made up of mostly desert (The "Empty Quarter").
West Coast
This area has the Jabal al-Hijaz mountains and receives enough rain for farming.
East Coast
This area has enough fertile soil for farming.
Al-Mansur
The person who built the city of Baghdad
caliph
a political and religious Muslim leader
Qu'ran
the holy book for Muslims
Mecca
the holiest city for Muslims
monotheistic
Is Islam a monotheistic, polytheistic, or non-theistic religion?
Muhammad
the prophet of Allah who helped to start Islam
Khadija
wife of Muhammad who gave him wealth and respect and helped spread Islam
Avicenna
An Arabian Muslim doctor who created a medical text, learned how diseases spread
caravan
group of people and animals traveling together for safety, especially through a desert
pilgrimage
A journey for religious purposes.
mosque
A Muslim place of worship.
astrolabe
An instrument invented by Muslims that is used to determine direction by figuring out the position of the stars.
oasis
A well-watered area in a desert.
algebra
A type of mathematics to which Muslims made great contributions.
Muslim
the name for a person who practices the Islamic faith
5 Pillars of Islam
the name for the 5 basic acts required of Muslims
Bedouins
Arabian "peoples of the desert" who traded in caravans and slept in tents
Arabic
the common language of the Islamic Empire/Arabian Peninsula
Petra
the important trade city hidden in the cliffs; had water from aqueducts