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16 terms

Chapter 7: Under the Hood

STUDY
PLAY
The ___________ number system uses the digits 0-9 and the symbols A-F.
hexadecimal
Which of the following sequences lists the speed of memory from the fastest to the slowest?

RAM, Level 2 cache, Level 1 cache, registers

registers, Level 1 cache, Level 2 cache, RAM

RAM, Level 1 cache, Level 2 cache, registers

registers, Level 2 cache, Level 1 cache, RAM
registers, Level 1 cache, Level 2 cache, RAM
A byte is composed of ___________ bits.
8
Unicode uses ___________ bits to code character data
16
The earliest generation of electronic used ___________ as switches.
vacuum tubes
___________ is the semiconductor material used to make transistors.
Silicon
All of the commands in an instruction set are written in ___________ language, which is easier for humans to work with than binary.
assembly
The main purpose of the decode stage is for the CPU's ___________ to translate program instructions into commands the CPU can understand.
control unit
The CPU processing cycle has how many steps?
4
The collection of commands that a specific CPU executes is called its ___________ set.
instruction
The ___________ is the box that contains the central electronic components of the computer.
system unit
A(n) ___________ system is an organized plan for representing a number.
number
Registers are the most expensive, fastest ___________ in a computer.
memory
___________ is the first step of the CPU machine cycle.
Fetch
True or False?
Serial processing uses a large network of computers, with each computer simultaneously working on a section of the same problem
False
True or False?
All data input into a computer will be stored as a string of 1s and 0s
True