A correlation between physical attractiveness and dating frequency of +0.60 would indicate that
A. physical attractiveness has no causal influence on dating frequency. B. more frequent dating is associated with lower levels of physical attractiveness. C. it is impossible to predict levels of physical attractiveness based on knowledge of dating frequency. D. less frequent dating is associated with lower levels of physical attractiveness.
less frequent dating is associated with lower levels of physical attractiveness.
If psychologists discovered that more intelligent parents have smarter children than less intelligent parents, this would demonstrate that
the intelligence of parents and children is positively correlated.
The impact of our cultural backgrounds on the development of our personal values best illustrates the influence of
A. temperament. B. individualism. C. personal space. D. the environment.
A behavior geneticist would be most interested in studying hereditary influences on
A. skin color. B. sexual anatomy. C. physical attractiveness. D. personality traits.
D. personality traits.
A segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a specific protein is called a
A. gene. B. gender schema. C. chromosome. D. neurotransmitter.
Environmental influences on personality traits are most clearly highlighted by comparing
A. identical twins raised apart with fraternal twins raised apart. B. identical twins raised together with fraternal twins raised together. C. identical twins raised apart with fraternal twins raised together. D. identical twins raised together with identical twins raised apart.
D. identical twins raised together with identical twins raised apart.
The home environment most clearly has a greater influence on children's ________ than on their ________.
A. temperament; political attitudes B. extraversion; table manners C. religious beliefs; personality traits D. gender identity; gender schemas
religious beliefs; personality traits
People have always responded so positively to Alyssa's good looks that she has developed a socially confident and outgoing personality. This best illustrates
A. the impact of temperament on gender identity. B. that gender schemas and social roles are complementary. C. the interaction of nature and nurture. D. the reciprocal influence of norms and roles.
the interaction of nature and nurture.
Evolutionary psychology studies the roots of behavior and mental processes using principles of
A. social learning theory. B. gender typing. C. temperament. D. natural selection.
Evolutionary psychologists would be most likely to predict that
A. more people are biologically predisposed to fear guns than to fear snakes. B. children are more likely to be valued by their biological fathers than by their stepfathers. C. people are the most romantically attracted to those who are the most genetically dissimilar to themselves. D. genetic predispositions have little effect on our social relationships.
children are more likely to be valued by their biological fathers than by their stepfathers.
Women are most likely to be sexually attracted to men who seem
A. shy. B. emotionally reactive and intense. C. interested in casual, uncommitted sex. D. mature and affluent.
mature and affluent.
Critics of evolutionary psychology are most likely to suggest that it underestimates the
A. impact of genetic predispositions on human sexual behavior. B. impact of cultural expectations on human sexual behavior. C. variety of traits that contribute to reproductively successful behaviors. D. extent to which certain gender differences in sexual behavior are common to all cultures.
impact of cultural expectations on human sexual behavior.
Compared to environmentally impoverished rats, those rats housed in enriched environments experienced a dramatic increase in the number of their
A. genomes. B. schemas. C. synapses. D. sex hormones.
Kids choose peers who share their own attitudes and interests as their friends. This best illustrates
A. gender typing. B. a selection effect. C. personal space. D. temperament.
a selection effect
Since 1960, most Western cultures have changed with remarkable speed. The LEAST likely explanation for these variations involves changes in
A. communication systems. B. genetic predispositions. C. scientific knowledge. D. social norms.
The importance of romance in marriage relationships is most strongly emphasized in cultures characterized by
A. gender schemas. B. collectivism. C. gender typing. D. individualism.
Men and women are most likely to differ in their
A. happiness. B. intelligence. C. self-esteem. D. aggressiveness.
A human egg contains ________ chromosome and a human sperm contains ________ chromosome.
A. a Y; either an X or a Y B. either an X or a Y; an X C. an X; either an X or a Y D. either an X or a Y; a Y
an X; either an X or a Y
Gender role refers to
A. one's biological sex. B. a sense of being male or female. C. a set of expected behaviors for males and females. D. a sense of being homosexual or heterosexual.
a set of expected behaviors for males and females.
Mr. Eskenazi frowns when his son cries but hugs his daughter when she cries. Mr. Eskenazi's contribution to the gender typing of his children would most likely be highlighted by
A. twin studies. B. social learning theorists. C. adoption studies. D. evolutionary psychologists.