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20 terms

6th Grade Math Terms

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statistics
numbers that describe a set of data
probability
the chance of an event occuring
fundamental counting principal
if a 2 step situation or experiment has blank ways to do the first step and blank ways to do the second step then the total number of possible outcomes for both steps is m*n
random sample
a sample in which every individual in the population has the same chance of being included
representative sample
a sample for which the results of the sample can be considered the same as the results from the entire population
bias
the differences between what the responses of a sample are and what the actual responses from the entire population would be
disjoint events
two or more events with no outcomes in common
independent events
improbability, an event that is not effected by another event
dependent event
an event that is effected by the outcome of another event
outlier
a number or numbers that are at one or the other end of a set of data arranged in order where there is a gap between the end of numbers and the rest of the data
variable
something that has different outcomes, a letter or a symbol that represents a number in an algebraic expression
horizontal axis
the x-axis in a coordinate system, it is a number line that locates points to the left or to the right of the origin
vertical axis
the y-axis in a coordinate system, it is a number line that locates points to up or down from the origin
integers
the set of positive whole numbers and their opposites (negative numbers) and zero
percent
per hundred, ratio of a number to one hundred
order of operations
the order in which operations in an expression to be evaluated are carried out. Do the operation in parentheses first, next evaluate exponents, then multiple and divide from left to right, and finally add and subtract from left to right
prime factorization
factoring a number into its prime factors only
measures of central tendency
the mean, median, and mode
compound event
An event that consists of the outcome of two or more events
equivalent fractions
fractions that show different numbers with the same value