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Terms and definitions for terms for Common Core GPS Math

Algorithm
A step-by-step solution to a problem.

Difference
The amount left after one number is subtracted from another number.

Distributive Property
The sum of two addends multiplied by a number is the sum of the product of each addend and the number.

Dividend
A number that is divided by another number.

Divisor
A number by which another number is to be divided.

Factor
When two or more integers are multiplied, each number is a factor of the product. "To factor" means to write the number or term as a product of its factors.

Greatest Common Factor
The largest factor that two or more numbers have in common.

Least Common Multiple
The smallest multiple (other than zero) that two or more numbers have in common.

Minuend
The number that is to be subtracted from.

Multiple
The product of a given whole number and an integer.

Quotient
A number that is the result of division.

Reciprocal
Two numbers whose product is 1.

Sum
The number you get by adding two or more numbers together.

Subtrahend
The number that is to be subtracted.

Product
A number that is the result of multiplication.