UL Music 105 McGoffin Test 4
Terms in this set (78)
Classicism, as a stylistic period in western music, roughly encompassed the years _______________
Ludwig van Beethoven
Wolfgang A. Mozart
Classical Composers Include the following:
___________, _____________, _____________
In the ______________ period, composers were influenced by folk and popular music.
convey a single emotion
fluctuate in mood
While a late baroque musical composition may ______________, a classical composition will ___________
The basso continuo was gradually abandoned during the _______________ period.
Classical _________________ are tuneful and easy to remember
Classical __________________ fluctuate in mood
A classical composition has a wealth of _____________
_______________ were still not used in orchestras during the Classical period.
folk and popular music
In the classical period, serious composition was flavored by ______________
The prospering middle class in the classical period sought aristocratic luxuries such as __________________, _________________, and _________________.
serving a wealthy aristocratic family
Joseph Haydn was content to spend most of his life ____________
became close friends
In Vienna, Haydn and Mozart _________
Short musical ideas or fragments of themes that are developed within a composition are called _____________
In many of Beethoven's works, there is a _________________ movement instead of the minuet
A _________________ is a musical composition that is usually light in mood, and meant for evening entertainment
20 and 45
Symphony may be defined as a musical composition for orchestra, usually in ___________________ movements, typically lasting between ______________________ minutes which is also an extended, ambitious composition exploiting the ____________________ of tone color and _________________ of the classical orchestra.
The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is _________________, _________________, __________________, ____________________.
A classical concerto is a three-movement work for _________________ and orchestra.
The favored solo instrument in the classical concerto was the _________________
The classical concerto differs from the symphony in that it does not have a___________________________ or ___________________________ movement
A classical concerto greatly relies on a soloist's ________________
A brilliant solo section in a concerto designed to display the performer's virtuosity is called a _______________
for small rooms
Classical chamber music is designed ____________
The string quartet usually consists of ___________________________ movements, and is written for two violins, viola, and cello. It is often regarded as the most important form in classical chamber music.
_____________ duties while in the service of the Esterházys included composing all the music requested by his patron, conducting the orchestra, and coaching the singers for operatic performances.
Although Haydn spent most of his time in Hungary, he often traveled to ___________________________, where his music was performed often and greatly admired
Haydn was a prolific composer, as demonstrated in part by his 68 string quartets and 104 ______________
In his later years, ___________________________ was financially broke, losing popularity, and not well sought after by the public. The Viennese thought that it was too complicated and contained too many dissonances.
Political and economic power shifted to the middle class from the aristocracy and the _______________
Mozart tried to find fame and fortune by moving to ___________________________, at the age of twenty-five.
Così fan tutte
The Marriage of Figaro
Mozart Operas include:
___________, ___________, __________
______________, was a brilliant pianist who was largely self-educated and had read widely, but was weak in elementary arithmetic and began to feel the first symptoms of deafness in his twenty-ninth year.
The Third Symphony of Beethoven was originally composed to commemorate the deeds of _______________ as the embodiment of heroism and democratic ideals.
Beethoven is often credited as being the bridge between the __________________ and __________________ periods
Beethoven's only opera is entitled ____________
Romanticism, as a stylistic period in western music, encompassed the years ________________
A fascination with __________________, an enthusiasm for the culture of the ____________________ and an interest in _________________ and the past are all characteristics of the Romantic Period
Of all the inspirations for romantic art, none was more important than _______________
Giuseppe Verdi, Robert Schumann, and Frédéric Chopin are all ______________ composers
Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as __________
_______________ music is instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene.
The opening motive of Beethoven's Symphony No. 5 has a _______________ rhythm.
The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer's own homeland is known as _______________
Composers expressed musical ______________ in their music by using the rhythms of the dances of their homelands, by using their national legends as subject matter, and basing their music on the folk songs of their country
An orchestra toward the end of the romantic period might include close to _______________ musicians
The 1844 Treatise on Modern Instrumentation and Orchestration that signaled the recognition of orchestration as an art in itself was written by ____________
To intensify the expression of the music, romantic performers made use of __________, the slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo
Because of the French Revolution and the _____________, many aristocrats could no longer afford to maintain private opera houses, orchestras, and "composers in residence"
______________ was a model for many romantic composers
solo voice and piano
An art song is a musical composition for ____________
The mood of an art song is often set by a brief piano introduction and summed up at the end by a piano section called a __________
The word _____________ is commonly used for a romantic art song with a German text
A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with evening and nighttime, is the ____________
Liszt created the _______________, a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea
A ____________ is an instrumental composition in several movements based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.
Parisians were startled by Berlioz's _______________ because of its sensationally autobiographical program, amazingly novel orchestration, and its vivid description of the weird and diabolical.
Beriloz and Schumann
Music criticism was a source of income for both _____________ and _____________
The contrasting episodes of Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique are unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the ______________
During the __________________ period, a cast-iron frame was introduced to hold the strings of the piano under greater tension.
Also, the use of the _____________ allowed a sonorous blend of tones from all registers of the piano. The piano's __________ were also covered with felt, resulting in a softer, warmer tone.
The German master ________________ recommended Dvořák's music to his own publisher, resulting in a rapid spread of Dvořák's fame
Russia, the Scandinavian countries, Poland, and Bohemia.
The strongest impact of musical nationalism was felt in __________, ___________, __________, and __________
The founder of Czech national music was ___________
Even though Smetana was deaf at the time, he composed a musical work depicting Bohemia's main river as it flows through the countryside. The name of the river, and the musical composition, is the _______________
When music conservatories were founded, ______________ were at first accepted only as students of performance, but by the late 1800s could study musical composition
Symphony No. 9
Antonin Dvořák's _____________ is his most famous work, is subtitled From the New World, and glorifies both the Czech and the American folk spirit
The _________________ were a group of composers including Mily Balakirev (the leader), César Cui, Modest Mussorgsky, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and Alexander Borodin.
Brahms wrote masterpieces in many musical forms, but never any _____________
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,
and Ludwig van Beethoven
Brahms's works, though very personal in style, are rooted in the music of ___________, ______________, ___________.
______________ operas include La Traviata, Il Trovatore, Falstaff, and Rigoletto
The soul of a ________________ opera is expressive vocal melody
_________________ composed the operas Madame Butterfly, Tosca, Turandot, and La Boheme
An artistic trend of the 1890s, in which operas dealt with ordinary people and true-to-life situations, was known as ____________
The composer who had an overwhelming influence on the young Wagner was ____________
_______________ was not an instrumental a virtuoso. He was, however, a master composer, conductor, director and producer of music concerts and operas
A short musical idea associated with a person, object, or thought, used by Richard Wagner in his operas, is called _____________
The Ring of the Nibelung
Richard Wagner's most well-known work is ______________