How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

60 terms

Islam 2

STUDY
PLAY
Khalwa/Purdah
Seclusion. Separation of men and women.
Thawb
Saudi dress for men
Abaya
Saudi dress for women
Mawlid
Sufi tradition in Egypt. Celebration of the Prophet's, or other imp figures, birthday
Al-Azhar University
Premier Sunni college for Islamic studies in Egypt
Amr Khaled
Egyptian muslim activist and televangelist. Against extremism, wants peace with the West
Wael Ghonim
(re)jumpstarted the revolution via fb. Worked at google
The Salafis
Conservative before the revolution. Not involved in politics.
Chador
Women's dress in Iran
Muharram
Passion plays tat re-enact the death of Imams (esp. al-Hussein). Occurs during the first month of the Islamic calendar in Iran
Green Revolution
(2009) Debated the election in Iran. Inspiration for Arab Spring
Shirin Ebadi
Female activist. Judge before the Iranian revolution. Won the Nobel Peace Prize
Alevi
Turkish minority. Sect that came from Shi'ites. Think Ali is greater than the Prophet
Mother Mosque
In Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Built in 1936. First mosque built from scratch in US
1st wave of immigration
1870s. From Greater Syria. Peddlers
2nd wave of immigration
1918. Lebanese
3rd wave of immigration
After WWII. Palestinians, Egyptians, Yugoslavians, & Albanians
4th wave of immigration
1965. Immigration quotas raised by LBJ, many white collar workers came.
Nation of Islam
Started by Wallace D. Fard in 1930. Called for a return to African Muslim roots. Would not accept the white man's teachings.
Controversial about the Nat. Isl.
1.White man=devil 2.Fard=God reincarnated 3.Elijah Muhammad=messenger of God
MSA
Muslim Student Associatin. Established by immigrants
ISNA
Islamic Society of Northern America. Largest umbrella organization in N. America
Jack Shaheen
Arab American Christian. Critique of Arab caricatures in films.
Moustapha Akhad
Filmed "The Messenger"
Mihrab
Niche in the wall of a prayer room in mosque. Tells you where to face.
Minbar
Pulpit for person giving the sermon
Ibn Khaldun
Father of Sociology. Wrote "The Introduction"
Ibn Sina (Avicenna)
Wrote the Canon (Medical reference work)
Genghis Khan
Initiated the Mongol invasion
Hulego Khan
Conquers Baghdad
Battle of Ayn Jalut
Mongols are defeated by the Mamlooks (slave soldiers)
Ilkhanid Dynasty
First major Muslim Mongol dynasty
Osman I
Founder of the Ottoman Empire
Mehmet II
Conquers Constantinople
Suleiman the Magnificient
Rules during the height of the Ottoman rule. Most powerful Ottoman ruler
Millet system
Communities that govern themselves
Ataturk the Young Turk
Secularizes and conquers Turkey
Isma'il
Founder of safavids
Abbal the Great
Moves capital to Isfahan
Moghuls
Rule over South Asia. Built the Taj Mahal
Mansa Musa
From Mali, very rich. Singlehandedly caused inflation in Egypt
Bonaparte
Conquers Egypt in 1798. Moment when Non-Muslim Europe is seen as dominant.
Mujaddid
One who renews, reforms, revives
Muhammad Ibn Abd al-Wahhab
A Mujaddid part of the 1st wave of reform. Used Ijtihad, goes back to the way of the Prophet
Muhammad Ibn Saud
Saudi monarchy comes from him. Alliance with al-Wahhab
Queen of Sheeba
Only female leader in Qur'an
(Modern) Salafiyya
2nd reform. Wanted Ijtihad and a renaissance
Muhammad Adbuh
Made the most influential periodical in Islam: "al-Mehar"
Muhammad Rashid Rida
Student of Muhammad Abduh . Conservative. Began the 3rd reform
Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan
Accepted British rule as a reality
Ulama
Tradition Muslim scholars. Studies in madrasas
Muslim Brotherhood
3rd wave of reform. More socially active than 2nd wave. Critical of the Ulamas
Sayyid Qutb
Famous tafsir of the Qur'an. Wrote Manifesto "Milestone." Changes direction of Muslim Brotherhood (if gov isnt Islamic, change it)
Islamic Society
Like Muslim Brotherhood in India
Mawdudi
Founder of the Islamic Society
Hirb al-Tahrir
Wanted Caliphs. Anti democracy
Jihad
Struggle (may mean armed)
Hiraba
Indiscriminate act of violence that leaves people with fear and helplessness
Textualists
Things should always be as they are stated in the Qur'an. (Treatment of women)
Contextualists
Things should not always be as in the Qur'an. Circumstances change with modern times.