Sociology 1000 Exam 2 (Mizzou, Brent)
Terms in this set (55)
How statuses and roles constraint social interaction
Regular patterns of social interaction and persistent social relationships.
The basis for social life
expectations attached to a position
Distribution of people among social positions.
The distribution of social rewards
a socially recognized position in a social system.
is a status into which individuals are assigned without regard for their actions, desires or abilities.
is a social status acquired through and individual's actions
is the set of all statuses occupied by a person at the same time.
is a position so important it dominates all other statuses in the individual's status set, for both the individual holding the status and others.
is the status that defines or structures the role set for a particular situation
Is any status formally defined as irrelevant to a situation and which should have no bearing on interaction.
is a set of expectations for anyone occupying a particular social status.
Roles are attached to social statuses, not individuals.
difficulties meeting the expectations of a single role
when different roles have incompatible expectations
Avoid statuses invoking incompatible roles for the same role partner
a separation of one's self from the role one must play. It is a strategy to separate identity from action.
generalizations about a category of people asserting they have a particular set of people asserting they have a particular of characteristics and not taking into account their individual differences.
an assumption that once having been made, leads to the predicted event occurring
Tested how people treat each other based on their perceived attractiveness. (stereotyping)
51 male and female talked over phone without seeing each other. Men were given photo of said to be female.
emphasizes the meaning of actions and the use of symbols in communication
views interaction as analogous to actors in a play
Social Exchange Theory
emphasizes the valued outcomes of the interaction
Homans and Blau founded theory.
Defining the situation
refers to the social process through which the statuses and roles appropriate to a situation are identified
a social structure determined by the interactions through which people propose, discuss and often settle on a shared definition of the situation providing meaning for actions
strategies people use to convey a favorable impression or favorable self image to other people.
others present whom they would like to impress
Audience is not present. No one to try and impress.
Work activity requiring the worker to display particular emotions in the normal course of providing service.
Norm of Reciprocity
if you give someone something, you expect something of equal value in return.
the process through which people affect one another through actions, interpretations of actions and responses to actions.
Interaction among people or groups in which they act together to achieve a common goal which might not be achievable acting alone.
The struggle for a limited resource having value to different participants often requiring the defeat of others to achieve the goal.
Occurs when one person or group forces its will on another, based on a threat of physical force or violence.
Conflict governed by rules limiting the conflict
Socialization is one of the primary means by which culture including knowledge is passed from one generation to the next.
Socialization is the means by which the rich and powerful pass on their advantages to their children
A process of socialization in which children of the rich are prepared for and directed towards positions of privilege in society while children of the poor are prepared for and directed into low prestige positions of subservience.
Symbolic Interactionist View
Constructing the Social Self
the first stage of child's social development, where behavior is largely imitation of others with little use for symbols and limited role taking.
Here individuals learn to evaluate themselves and other social objects from the point of view of particular significant others, or individuals with whom they are interacting such as mother and father.
here children learn to take on the role of multiple others at the same time
Final stage in which the individual is capable of taking on the role of the generalized other, assessing behavior in terms of the norms and values of the broad society and responding to abstract principles and symbols
Socialization occurring in settings designed for socialization
Socialization in which peers and more experienced members train newcomers as they carry out their roles
refers to the interactions between genders that tends to strengthen and perpetuate gender boundaries.
socialization for a status that occurs before the person occupies the status
a process of unlearning old norms, roles and values, then learning new ones required by the new social environment.
a group in which people have intimate face-to-face associations that endure for long periods of time
A large and impersonal social group whose members pursue a specific goal or activity.
any group a person considers when evaluating his or her actions or characteristics
a group members are involved in, an with which they identify.
one to which people feel they do not belong
Agents of socialization
individuals or groups who transmit culture, such as parents and teachers
is an ordered set of relationships among social actors having shared meaning