Web Vocabulary Notes
Terms in this set (56)
A series of letters and numbers that identify location. On the internet, typing in an address lets you send or receive information from specific sources. You can type in the address for an e-mail account, web site, or network. (Ex. www.edutyping.com or www.mde.instructure.com)
Adware is free software that is supported by advertisements. Most adware is safe to use, but some can serve as spyware, gathering information about you from your hard drive.
This setting determines how the text is displayed horizontally on the page. The four primary types of text alignment include left aligned, right aligned, centered, and justified.
To tell the browser that something is a tag, you simply place "less than" and "greater than" symbols around them because you don't want the tags to show up in the browser. Thus we have an opening angle bracket "<" and a closing angle bracket ">" around each tag.
ability to create animated pictures as a single image
The illusion of movement created by showing a series of still pictures in rapid succession.
File attributes are settings associated with computer files that grant or deny certain rights to how a user or the operating system can access that file. For example, Read Only allows a file to be read, but nothing can be written on the file.
Banner is either a graphic image that announces the name or identify of a site (and often is spread across the width of the Web page) or is an advertising image.
Bitmap Image (BMP)
A bitmap is a map of dots, or bits that looks like a picture
A program that allows users to view web pages. Netscape Navigator and Microsoft Internet Explorer are examples of popular browsers.
A check box is a square box where the user can click to say that they want or have a particular setting. Checking the box would enable that option and unchecking it would disable it.
A small file that is downloaded by some web sites to store a packet of information on your browser. These packets include information such as login or registration identification, user preferences, and online "shopping-cart" information.
A name given to the numerical or internet Protocol (IP) address of a web site.
Putting information on your computer. You can download information from the internet, discs or CDs, and other computers.
Drop Down Menu
A menu is a set of options presented to the user of a computer application to help the user find information or execute a program function.
This is a system that creates a special "wall" used by network servers to separate their Intranet from the internet. It keeps out unwanted information like spam and viruses and unwanted people like hackers.
Refers to Macromedia or Adobe Flash. This is a program that allows you to create animated content for your web page. To be able to see Flash content you must have this program on your computer.
A font is a set of printable or displayable text characters in a specific style and size.
Computer graphics are images displayed on a computer screen.
Graphics Interchange Format (GIF)
GIF is a compressed image file format. These compressed image files can be quickly transmitted over a network or the Internet, which is why you often see them on Web pages. GIF files are great for small icons and animated images, but they lack the color range to be used for high-quality photos.
A list of web sites the people using a particular computer have visited. Viewing the history can be used to monitor what sites your children have visited.
The web page that your browser is set to use when it starts up, or the main page of any web site.
An image or a portion of text that, when clicked, allows electronic connections. These connections access other internet materials such as images, sounds, animations, videos, or other web pages.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
The coded format language used for creating documents on the world wide web and controlling how web pages appear.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
The standard method computers use to communicate via the world wide web.
Small pictures that represent the programs on your computer.
An index is a list of data, such as group of files or database entries. It is typically saved in a plain text format that can be quickly scanned by a search.
A network of millions of computers from all over the world. The internet allows computers to trade information using telephone lines, fiber-optic cables, and satellite links. It is also referred to as the "Net."
Internet Service Provider (ISP)
A company that provides internet access to customers. Ex. -AT&T, Cable One, AOL, Comcast, Bell South
A computer language allowing you to create programs that can be viewed on the internet.
Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG)
JPEG is a compressed image file format. JPEG images are not limited to a certain amount of color, like GIF images are. Therefore, the JPEG format is best for compressing photographic images. So if you see a large, colorful image on the Web, it is most likely a JPEG file.
The word(s) you use when looking for information within a search engine.
Causing a previously invisible graphic image or other element to suddenly appear when the user rolls the mouse over a particular page element.
The act of moving from page to page and web site to web site online. It is also called browsing of surfing.
Courtesy, honesty, and polite behavior practiced on the internet.
A network is created when computers are connected, allowing people to share information. The internet is an example of a large network.
Refers to not being connected to the internet
Another way to describe having access to the internet or actively using the internet.
It is software that you download in order to listen to sounds or view visual effects on your browser.
Portable Document Format (PDF)
PDF is a multi-platform file format developed by Adobe Systems. A PDF file captures document text, fonts, images, and even formatting of documents from a variety of applications. You can e-mail a PDF document to your friend and it will look the same way on his screen as it looks on yours.
The policy that a company or organization operating a web site uses for handling the personal information collected about visitors to the site.
A radio button is a round circle representing choices in a common option list form in a graphical user interface.
Refers to being in the present time on the internet. It is similar to being live on television.
The act of moving up and down on a specific page.
A program that searches information on the world wide web by looking for specific keywords and returns a list of information found on that topic. "Google" is an example of a search engine.
The source code consists of the programming statements that are created by a programmer.
The exchange of video clips, sound, or other types of media over the internet. It is a way for the user to quickly download these files.
Temporary Internet Files
A folder on your computer that will tell you every site that you have visited.
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
The protocols or conventions that computers use to communicate over the internet.
Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
The specific location or address of material on the internet. For example the URL for GMAIL is gmail.com.
These documents are written in HTML (hypertext markup language) and are translated by your Web browser. A Web page is an individual HTML document. All the information is returned as HTML code, so when the page gets to your browser, all the browser has to do is translate the HTML.
A Web site is a collection of web pages.
The person responsible for administering a web site.
World Wide Web
An infinite number of games, web sites, pictures, sounds, stories, and other things, all connected to each other through links on the internet. You can "surf" the web through your browser and find information about virtually anything. Sites on the world wide web have "www" in their address.
WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get)
Software that accurately represents the final output during the development phase. Most Web development programs are called WYSIWYG editors since they show what Web pages will look like as the developer is creating them. This means that the developer can move text and images around the page to make it appear exactly how he or she wants before publishing the page of the Web.