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Questions chapter 4
Terms in this set (17)
Where did the Communists and their supporters live in Yanan?
They lived in caves dug into loess hillsides.
What quality of life did the people enjoy in Yanan?
1.Better conditions than the huts that they lived in before
2.They developed agricultural economy, made and sold food. It was not alot but steady enough.
3.They also had schools, hospitals and theaters
What was Mao's revolutionary concept which he developed in Yanan?
Mao believed that revolution must come from the peasants, which was the opposite on the Comintern's belief. The Comintern wanted the CCP to merge with the Nationalist and form a proletariat class and bring the bourgois stage. Mao adapted the Marxist concept to the Chinese conditions. He believed Chinese revolutionaries were proletariats.
How did CCP's exercise its control over the "liberated" areas?
After seizing a village, the landowners were driven out or shot. The land was reallocated to the peasants based on the CCP's Land Law. That way they made the peasants supporters of CCP soviets.
How did the Yanan Soviets make money?
They grew and sold their foodstuff and were depended on the opium market.
What were the Chinese students demonstrating in the 9th December movement?
The Japanese presence in northern China
Name 1 requirement the communists had for the Second United front
The CCP was to be recognized as an official political party.
To whom was Chiang Kai-shek handed over?
Zhou Enlai, Mao's second in command
What was an advantage the communists had by letting Chiang lead the country?
They would have plausible deniability/ Publicity/ a stronger bond with the nationalists
Who was the red army supposed to support and comfort?
Who did the peasantry fear?
what was the problem in the Relationship between the CCP and the Soviet Union during the Yanan Period?
The relationship between the two was limited and full of tension due to lack of support from the Soviet Union in the Chinese communist struggle against the nationalists.
How did Mao feel about Stalin and vice versa?
Stalin saw the CCP as weak, and after the Soviets backed up the nationalists trust issues arose.
What is Japanese expansion?
Stalin's concern that imperialist Japan would exploit the Soviet Union's problems on it's European borders to encroach on Russian territory in the far east.
How did Mao feel about the dissolution of Comintern?
Mao felt positively about this as it aloud for Chinese communists to run on their own lines and not Russia's, as well as the fact that Comintern was a far away body that was struggling to provide leadership.
What was one of the aims of the rectification campaign?
To prevent betrayal from within.
What did Mao fear would happen if there was no constant battle against new thinking?
Betrayal from within.
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