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is the ability to see the realities of our lives in the context of common social structures, or social issues, other than as personal problems
left 2 legacies, economic determination and the dialectic and viewed poverty and inequiality as human made conditions fostered by private property and capitalis
means that economic relationships provide the foundation on which all other social and political arrangements are built
is the process through which thesis and antithesis the produces a new idea (synthesis), is called
one if major concerns was the balance btwn social regulation and personal freedom. he argued that community standards of morality, which he called the collective conscience, not only confine our behavior but also give u a sense of belonging and integration.
values free sociology
argued that sociology should be concerned with what IS and not what OUGHT TO BE
addresses the question of social organization (structure) and how its maintained (function)
addresses the points of stress and conflict in society and the ways in which they contribute to social change. *compteting interests, each seeking to secure its own ends*
addresses the subjective meanings of human acts and processes by which people come to develop and communicate shared meanings. *interacting individuals and groups*
is a recurrent pattern of relationships among groups of ppl, ex: marriage, religion
symbolic interactionism assumptions
symbolic meanings are important to understand behaviors we must learn what it means to the participants.
the research process
STEP 1: stating the problem
STEP 2: setting the stage by selection of variables
STEP 3: gathering data
STEP 4: finding patterns
STEP 5: generating theories
step two setting the stage
before gathering data, we have to select variables, define terms, and decide exactly which people to study
step 3 gathering data
experiment, survey research, participation observation, sampling, random samples
are chosen through a procedure that ensures that every individual in a population has an equal chance of being selected
step four finding patterns
analyzing data, look for patterns in data, and a correlation occurs where there is an empirical relationships btwn 2 variables
survey research involves asking a relatively large number of people the same set of standardized questions
existing data sets
Federal, local, and state
governments provide a wealth of information
to researchers in the form of already
compiled data sets.
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