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37 terms

Sociology Test 2

STUDY
PLAY
Social Structure
Relationships, people/groups to one another
Social Interaction
What people do in one another's presence
Nonverbal Behavior
Movements culture has taught to express, specific manner
Exchange Interaction
People do something, purpose of reward
Cooperative Interaction
People act together, promote interests, achieve goals
Competition
Conflict, individuals/groups agree upon rules
Dramaturgy
Making impression, people play roles, performance judged by others (aware of slips), may reveal actor's true character
Status
Position, social group
Roles
Behaviors+obligations attached to status
Role Conflict
Expectations one role, incompatible w/ another
Role Strain
Conflicts w/i role
Deviance
Violation, norms
Crime
Violation, norms written into laws
Stigma
Characteristics, discredit people
Fxn Theory
Social stratification, social necessity.
Ea. society needs individuals, fill variety social roles.
Society must reward talented individuals, for utilized skills .
Social Order
Group's unusual/customary social arrangements
Genetic Predispositions
Unborn tendencies
Internal Means of Control
Operates on individual, even absence other's reactions
External Means of Control
Other's responses to person's behavior, rewards+punishments
Murder
Killing of one human to another.
Stalking
Efforts to establish relationship, against victim's will
Forcible Rape
Carnal knowledge of person, forcibly against will
Biological Theories
Deviance inherited, deviant people born, not made
Psychoanalytic theory
Freud, unconscious forces committing deviant acts
Crime and Individual Choice
Individual behavior, result rational choice
Strain Theory
Financial success combined w/ unequal access to legit means to achieve success
Control Theory
People free to violate norms, lack intimate attachments w/ parents, teachers, peers
Prison
Accomplish: separation, punishment, deterrence, rehabilitation (MEMORIZE)
Social Inequality
Uneven distribution, privileges, material rewards, opportunities, power, prestige, influence among individuals/groups
Social Mobility
Individual or group movement, one status to another
Absolute Poverty
Lack adequate income, basic survival needs
Relative Poverty
Meet basic needs, poor relative to majority of society
Greatest Poverty -Age-
children
Greatest Poverty -Race-
white
Greatest Poverty -Family Patterns-
single mothers
Greatest Poverty -Gender-
women
Greatest Poverty -Region-
rural areas