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History Chapter 10

STUDY
PLAY
Sui Dynasty
o Policies helped the lower Yangtze region become a major party of China's economy
o Employed Buddhism as a unifying force in the country
o Came to an abrupt end with the assassination of the emperor
o Completed the new Grand Canal system linking the Yellow and the Yangtze river valleys
o Rebuilding of the Great Wall
Tang Dynasty
o Buddhist influence helped to produce a blossoming of Chinese culture
o Uighurs (nomadic people) aligned with the Tang to dominate much of the carrying trade along the Silk Road
Xinjiang
region northwest of China that the Tang Dynasty took control of
Grand Canal
The Sui Dynasty completed this system by linking the Yellow and the Yangtze river valleys
Kirghiz
a Turkic-speaking tribal group that overthrew the Tang Dynasty
Song Dynasty
Met its ultimate demise at the hands of Mongols
State Confucianism
Expressed a traditional, activist element in Chinese philosophy
Kaifeng
capital of the Song Dynasty
Hangzhou
threats from the north later forced the capital of the Song Dynasty to be moved here
civil service examination system
o Many candidates who passed the first examination did not go on to a higher level
o Provided a means for upward social mobility
o Unable to solve the problem of officials using their positions to help their relatives
Department of State Affairs
Tang Dynasty developed the equivalent of a modern cabinet within this
Wu Zhao
o Became empress of China
o Made a significant contribution to the civil service examination system
Zhu Xi
divided the world into a material world and a transcendent world in Neo-Confuscianism
Uighurs
(nomadic people) aligned with the Tang to dominate much of the carrying trade along the Silk Road
Genghis Khan
founded the Mongolian Empire
Mongols
achieved the most success in Asia, made use of Chinese institutions, able to maintain control for an extended period of time by having commercial policies
Khubilai Khan
Grandson of Genghis Khan
Khanbaliq
capital of Mongol Empire (Beijing)
medieval Chinese family
Filial piety was the moral foundation
Ming Dynasty
• Considerable intern reform, including increased manufacturing
• Strengthened the Great Wall
Zheng he
Sent a series of fleets across the Indian Ocean all the way to Africa during the voyages
Buddhism in China
brought to China by merchants from India
Pure Land Sect
stressed the role of devotion
Confucianism
triumphed because it adhered to the Chinese social need to support the concepts of hard work and filial piety
Neo-Confucianism
Created to deal with the issues of the universe that had been introduced into China by Buddhism and Daoism
poetry
Poetry was most effective expression of literature from the Tang to the Ming dynasties,
Li Bo
wrote "Drinking Alone in Moonlight"
aspects of Chinese Art
o Buddhist and Daoist influences
o Developed of monochromatic works derived from the calligraphic medium
o Inclusion of both secular and religious works