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Sui Dynasty

o Policies helped the lower Yangtze region become a major party of China's economy
o Employed Buddhism as a unifying force in the country
o Came to an abrupt end with the assassination of the emperor
o Completed the new Grand Canal system linking the Yellow and the Yangtze river valleys
o Rebuilding of the Great Wall

Tang Dynasty

o Buddhist influence helped to produce a blossoming of Chinese culture
o Uighurs (nomadic people) aligned with the Tang to dominate much of the carrying trade along the Silk Road


region northwest of China that the Tang Dynasty took control of

Grand Canal

The Sui Dynasty completed this system by linking the Yellow and the Yangtze river valleys


a Turkic-speaking tribal group that overthrew the Tang Dynasty

Song Dynasty

Met its ultimate demise at the hands of Mongols

State Confucianism

Expressed a traditional, activist element in Chinese philosophy


capital of the Song Dynasty


threats from the north later forced the capital of the Song Dynasty to be moved here

civil service examination system

o Many candidates who passed the first examination did not go on to a higher level
o Provided a means for upward social mobility
o Unable to solve the problem of officials using their positions to help their relatives

Department of State Affairs

Tang Dynasty developed the equivalent of a modern cabinet within this

Wu Zhao

o Became empress of China
o Made a significant contribution to the civil service examination system

Zhu Xi

divided the world into a material world and a transcendent world in Neo-Confuscianism


(nomadic people) aligned with the Tang to dominate much of the carrying trade along the Silk Road

Genghis Khan

founded the Mongolian Empire


achieved the most success in Asia, made use of Chinese institutions, able to maintain control for an extended period of time by having commercial policies

Khubilai Khan

Grandson of Genghis Khan


capital of Mongol Empire (Beijing)

medieval Chinese family

Filial piety was the moral foundation

Ming Dynasty

• Considerable intern reform, including increased manufacturing
• Strengthened the Great Wall

Zheng he

Sent a series of fleets across the Indian Ocean all the way to Africa during the voyages

Buddhism in China

brought to China by merchants from India

Pure Land Sect

stressed the role of devotion


triumphed because it adhered to the Chinese social need to support the concepts of hard work and filial piety


Created to deal with the issues of the universe that had been introduced into China by Buddhism and Daoism


Poetry was most effective expression of literature from the Tang to the Ming dynasties,

Li Bo

wrote "Drinking Alone in Moonlight"

aspects of Chinese Art

o Buddhist and Daoist influences
o Developed of monochromatic works derived from the calligraphic medium
o Inclusion of both secular and religious works

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