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Socioeconomics Terms: India, Pakistan and Vietnam
Terms in this set (16)
A grouping system based on class, education, and economic position (individual, family, group). It is significant because the rank or prestige of a class can affect the economics of a country and how resources are used.
some sort of recognition of value (known quality) It is significant because this your name, your education or your background can affect how you are viewed as an individual.
Ex. Certain family names can carry a lot of prestige (trump family)
a way the British controlled the Indians (currently illegal in India) In more detail it was a hierarchy of endogamous divisions in which membership is hereditary and permanent. Here hierarchy includes inequality both in status and in access to goods and services. This system was not religion based! 1) Brahmins (priests), 2) Kshatriyas (warriors/princes), 3) Vaishyas (merchants/ landowners) (only the first 3 classes were educated) and 4) Shudras (servants) are India's caste system. (UNTOUCHABLES ARE NOT PART OF THE CASTE SYSTEM!) This is a closed system. Once you are in your caste you can't level up or down. These people were sorted based on their jobs and where they live, etc. It is significant because the people were sorted so the resources were split up and divided upon the classes. (higher ranking had more, lower ranking had less). You could only marry those in your class and interaction between classes was limited
Untouchables vs. Brahmins
The untouchables were the lowest rank in India's caste system. They were uneducated, got the most labor intensive jobs and not much pay, sometimes none. Also, they get minimal food and resources. All other classes in the system are above the untouchables. However, the Brahmins are the highest rank in India's caste system. They were educated, got the best jobs: Priests and they got the highest pay. They also got the most money, food and resources. They are significant because they are the highest and the lowest rank in the caste system.
These 2 economic systems are alike in that both are systems of production for use based on public ownership of the means of production and centralized planning. Socialism grows directly out of capitalism; it is the first form of the new society. Communism is a further development or "higher stage" of socialism. This is significant because it was applicable in Vietnam.
An economy in which decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are based on market determined supply and demand, and prices of goods and services are determined in a free price system. This is significant because it was applicable in Vietnam. (CAPITALISM!)
Citizens of vietnam who came of age after the Vietnam war in 1975
This is the group of Vietnamese youth born after the Vietnam War. Compared to their elders, their views on and goals in life are very different. They have little interest in joining the Communist Party of Vietnam and see democracy as the governmental structure of the future.
Vietnam's "Social Evils Prevention Department":
The social evils prevention department is set in place by the government to prevent western social evils. Their task was to "screen it and help people recognize and protect themselves from bad influences"
In 1994 the government established the Social evils prevention department recognizing that "when we open the doors of our society, the water flows in, the clean along with the dirty so is to and and protect themselves from bad influences." This department monitors and terminates any western social influences that are less than satisfactory. This includes prostitution, drug abuse, and the AIDS epidemic.
Any society which their economy is based on producing and maintaining crops and farmland. This is significant because it was present in Pakistan. Poverty is currently increasing in Pakistan due to landowners taking huge shares of farmers crop, yields, and profits.
Rural vs Urban:
In Pakistan, there were differences between Rural and Urban areas. In the Rural areas, they were lacking good jobs, education, and infrastructure. The highest money makers from the rural areas were the landowners, and the lowest were the sharecroppers. In the Urban areas, they had infrastructure, education, and good jobs, however not for the farmers. The non-farmers made the most money and the farmers made the least. Overall, the farmers were more poor in Urban areas than Rural, but the Urban had more wealth in total.
Jim Crow South (related to US):
Laws that enforced racial segregation in the southern US. They created rules that blacks and whites had to use different busses, bathrooms, etc and this affects daily life tremendously. It is significant because whites and blacks had to use different everything in daily life and were treated differently. Jim Crow was NOT an actual person, only a character.
Jim Crow vs. Caste
The point here is that ideal inter caste behavior and attitudes in India are much like those in America, while the actual interaction and attitudes are also similar. Commonly, ideal behavior and attitudes in India have been contrasted with real behavior and attitudes in America-a fact which has led to a false impression of difference. Similarly, comparisons of race relations in the rapidly changing urban or industrial South with caste relations in slowly changing rural or agrarian India lead to erroneous conclusions.
Barani (Punjab Province, Pakistan):
In the Punjab Province in Pakistan also known as Barani, many people had low levels of poverty. This poverty was from the low sizes of families and the better human capital assets applied-part of Pakistan influenced by the British
Influence of British Empire in Pakistan:
Before Pakistan's independence from the British Empire, they provided military and other jobs disproportionately to Pakistan. This was the beginning of the road to relative prosperity in these areas because the British Empire's also built hospitals, schools and initiated other development activities. This is significant because the British Empire transformed Pakistan before it was independent.
The basic physical and organizational structures and facilities (e.g., buildings, roads, and power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise.
Pakistan's policy on improving agricultural development
Over the years since independence the natural resources the country (land and water) have been harnessed which in turn made it possible to feel the growing population with more than quadrupled it during the past 60 years. Sectors other than the agriculture also develop because of backward and forward linkage of the Agricultural growth thereby having an economy this diversified as and much less dependent on agriculture. This is significant because with the population growing the agriculture also grows.