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Biology ch. 38

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Conservation Biology
goal-oriented science, seeks to encounter biodiversity crisis, can focus on a single species, and also can protect many species at once by preserving habitats and ecosystems. 3 different levels: genetics/species/ecosystem
Habitation alteration
human alteration of habitats causes by agriculture, urban development, forestry, mining, enviromental pollution and is known as the greatest threat to biodiversity
Invasive species
rank behind habitat destruction as a threat to biodiversity, they compete/prey/ and parasitize native species.
Overexploitation
third major threat to biodiversity, overhavesting has threatened rare trees, fish, and bison
Pollution
thins ozone layer from release of clorofluorocarbons from aerosol cans and manufacturing.
Eutrophication
nutrient pollution, from fertilizer and wastes, process by which a body of water becomes too rich in dissolved nutrients, leading to plant growth that depletes oxygen
Biological magnification
increase in concentration of persistent chemicals in the living tissues of consumers in food chains.
Landscape ecology
application of ecological principles to the study of the structure and dynamics of collection of ecosystems