sociology ch. 2
total way of life shared by members of a community
the population that shares same territory, bound together by economic and political ties
language, values, rules and knowledge shared by a society
physical objects a society produces such as tools, streets, sculptures, and they depend on nonmaterial for meaning.
Culture as underlying
basis of interaction.
Culture as a 'given'.
Culture shapes us rather
than in how culture itself
conflict theory approach
Culture as a social product.
Whose interests are served
by how culture develops?
refers to having the attitudes and knowledge that characterize the upper social classes
basis of human behavior
Cultural patterns evolve
to provide solutions to
Problems are universal,
but the solutions
people adopt vary
cultural relativity requires that each cultural trait be evaluated in the context of its won culture
is tendency to judge other cultures according to norms and values of our culture
--Immense cultural diversity
not from unique gene pools,
but cultural evolution.
Some aspects are
Culture relies on language.
is the stuy of biological basis of all forms of human behavior
carriers of culture
language, values, and norms
is the ability to communicate in symbols- orally, by signing, or by wrting
are shared ideas about desirable goals; tenderness and cooperation, or toughness and competition
are shared rules of conduct that specify how people ought to think; folkways, mores, and laws
are norms that are customary, normal, habitual ways a group does things
are norms associated with fairly strong ideas of right or wrong
are mores that are enforced and sanctioned by the gov
are rewards and punishments
are groups that share the overall culture of a society but maintain a distinctive set of vales, norms, lifestyles and language
are groups whose values, interests, beliefs, and lifestyles conflict with those of the larger culture
is process through which individuals learn and adopt values and social practices of dominant group, more or less giving up their own values.
is belief that different cultural strands within a culture should be valued and nourished
cultural diversity and change
Exposure to Mass media
The process by which
aspects of one culture
or subculture are
refers to aspects of
culture that are widely accessible and
commonly shared by most members of
a society, especially those in the middle,
working, and lower classes.
e refers to the cultural
preferences associated with the upper
occurs when one part of a
culture changes more rapidly than another
refers to the discomfort that
arises from exposure to a different culture.
globalization of culture
e is the process
through which cultural elements (including
musical styles, fashion trends, and cultural
values) spread around the globe.