n is the process of learning the roles, statuses, and values necessary for participation in social institutions
freud and psychiatric theory piaget and cognitive theory structural-functional theory conflict theory symbolic theory
Socialization is a contest between the ID and the SUPEREGO
is the natural, unsocialized, biological part of self, including hunger and sexual urges.
is composed of internalized social ideas about right and wrong.
piaget and cognitive develp.
Four stages of cognitive development. 1. Understand what they see, touch, feel, smell, or hear. 2. Understand cause and effect. 3. Learn to use language, symbols, and numbers. 4. Develop an understanding of abstract concepts.
structural functional theory
good for all! believes that schools, churches, families, and other social arenas in which children are socialized are designed to integrate the young smoothly in to a proper sociolized enviroment.
only beneficial for those in power.
symbolic interaction theory
--To understand human behaviors, we must first understand what those behaviors mean to individuals. Those meanings develop within social relationships. Individuals actively construct their selfconcepts, within limits imposed by social structures and social relationships.
is our sense of who we are as individuals
looking glass self
is the process of learning to view ourselves as we think others views us. 1. we imagine how we appear to others 2. we imagine how others judge us based on those appearances 3. we ponder, internalize, or reject these judgements
I : refers to creative part of self ME: describes part of self that responds to others expectations we learn to function by balancing the I and ME through role taking
involves imagining ourselves in the role of others in order to determine the criteria others will use to judge our behavior
are the role players with whom we have close personal relationships.
combines the expectations of all with whom we interact
agents of socialization
All individuals, groups, and media that teach social norms
prepares us for the roles we will take in the future. adolescence!
Occurs when we abandon our self-concept and way of life for a radically different one