Terms in this set (49)
Because of _______________________ differences between the North & South, they were unable to resolve their conflicts.
What action did the southern states take? (What did they do?)
Some southern states seceded or left the Union to form the confederate states of America.
What led to the creation of West Virginia?
its people opposed slavery
Describe the economy in NORTHERN states.
Industrial with factories and businesses and railroads
Describe the economy in the SOUTHERN states.
Agricultural (farming). They needed slave labor to work in the fields.
What type of labor did the south rely on?
When new states were created out of the western territory, what did the NORTH want them to be?
"free states" without slavery
When states were created out of the western territory, what did the SOUTH want them to be?
Who led a revolt against plantation owners in Virginia?
What did abolitionists want?
An end to slavery
Who supported a secret route that escaped slaves took? What was this route called?
Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad
Who led a raid on the United States Armory at Harpers Ferry, Virginia?
What was John Brown trying to do when he led the raid at Harpers Ferry?
To start a slave rebellion
What happend to John Brown?
He was captured and hanged
What was one effect of the Abraham Lincoln becoming president?
Southern states seceded from the Union
After the southern states seceded, what did they form?
Confederate States of America (CSA)
Describe the conflict between the eastern and western counties of Virginia.
They disagreed about slavery
The eastern & western counties of Virginia disagreed about slavery. What did this cause?
The formation of West Virginia
What was the first major battle of the Civil War?
Battle of Bull Run also known as The Battle of Manassas in Virginia.
Who played a major role in the first Battle of Bull Run?
General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Who was the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, who defeated Union troops at Fredricksburg, VA?
General Robert E. Lee
What was the last capital of the Confederacy?
Who did Richmond fall to?
Union troops lead by General Ulysses S. Grant
What happend to Richmond near the end of the war?
It was burned by the Confederates before Union troops arrived.
How did Lincoln use the Union navy?
To blockade Southern ports
What two ironclad ships participated in an important battle in Virginia waters near Norfolk and Hampton? Who won this battle?
Neither, it was a tie.
What did President Abraham Lincoln use to blockade southern ports?
What two ironclad ships took part in an important sea battle in Virginia waters near Norfolk and Hampton Roads?
Monitor is a Union Ship, North
Merrimack is a Confederate ship, South
Where did the Civil War end?
Appotmattox Court House in Virginia
What Confederate General surrendered his army to Union General Ulysses S Grant in April 1856?
Robert E. Lee of the Confederacy
Which side did most white Virginians support during the Civil War?
What group of people did the Confederacy rely on to raise crops and provided labor for the army?
What group of people fled to the Union army as it approached, and ended up fighting for the Union?
Many enslaved African Americans
What group of people felt that their limited rights could best be protected by supporting the confederacy?
Some FREE African Americans
What group of people did not take sides during the Civil War?
First Americans (American Indians)
What does opposed mean?
againist. For example, the North opposed slavery.
The Army of Northern Virginia is also known as _
The Confederate Army
Where was the battle of the ironclad ships?
Name 4 events that lead to the Southern States seceding?
Nat Turner's revolt, Underground railroad, John Brown's raid, and the election of President Lincoln
Which group of people in Virginia mainly supported the Confederacy?
Virginia disagrees with the North so they _____
vote to leave the Union
Put the following events in the order they happened:
The Surrender at Appomattox Court House, The Union defeat at Fredericksburg, and the First Battle of Bull Run
1. First Battle of Bull Run
2. The Union defeat at Fredericksburg
3. The Surrender at Appomattox Court House
3 major facts about Richmond.
1. Capital of the Confederacy
2. Fell or taken over by General Grant
3. Burned at the end of the Civil War
What is a slave state?
a state where slavery is allowed
The outcome of the battle of the Merrimack and the Monitor was _____
It was a draw which is a tie. There was no winner.
Agriculture means _____
What does secede mean?
to leave or withdraw
Who is Jefferson Davis?
The President of the Confederate States of America
What is another word for surrender?
give up, defeat
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