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20 terms

Junel's psych final13

STUDY
PLAY
Which of the following statements describes the relationship between temperament and personality?
temperment, which we are born with, is the the basis upon which one's personality is built
Freud believed that the ________ was the most important determining factor in human behavior and personality.
unconscious mind
"What did you have for lunch and hour ago?" Before I asked you that questions, the information was in your ________.
preconscious level
Many have compared Freud's idea of the mind to an iceberg. If that were the case and you were standing on the deck of a ship in Alaska, what part of the mind would you see above the water?
ego
In Sigmund Freud's theory, the ________ operates according to the pleasure principle.
id
According to Freud, rationality and logical thinking and reasoning are controlled by the ________.
ego
The job of the _______ is to find practical ways for the ________ to get its pleasure needs met without offending the morality of the _________.
Ego; id; superego
What is Freud's term for the unconscious efforts by the ego to deny or distort reality for the purpose of protecting itself when conflict becomes too intense?
defense mechanism
Jeromy has been having an affair with another woman. One afternoon his wife came home later that usual and Jeromy became angry - accusing his of infidelity. Which defense mechanism is behind Jermoy's accusations?
projection
According to Freud, personality develops through a series of psychosexual stages. During infancy, the psychosexual stage is called the _________.
oral stage
What is the correct sequence of Freud's psychosexual stage?
oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
According to Freud, a boy's sexual attachment to his mother and jealousy of his father is called ________.
the Oedipus complex
According to Jung, the memories and behavior patterns inherited from past generations are part of the _________.
collective unconscious
According to Karen Horney, what causes us to develop a neurotic personality?
being raised without love, affection, and security
Albert Bandura's notion that people are affected by their environment but can also influence that environment is known as ___________.
reciprocal determinism
Shanda is afraid of failing one of her final exams, primarily because she thinks the professor gives hard exams and so, no matter how much studying she does, it won't matter. Cognitive theorists would suggest that Shanda:
has an external locus of control
According to Albert Bandura, a person's belief about his or her skills and ability to perform certain behaviors is known as _________.
self-efficacy
What do Abraham Maslow's and Carl Roger's theories have in common?
The believe that each human being is free to choose his oer her own destiny.
According to Roger's, people brought up with unconditional positive regard __________.
feel valued regardless of their attitudes and behaviors
What are the Big Five personality traits?
openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism