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The excessive swallowing of air while eating or drinking, and is a common cause of gas in the stomach.
An eating disorder characterized by a false perception of body appearance that leads to a refusal to maintain a normal body weight.
Gray-white pits with a red border that appear in the soft tissues lining the mouth; also known as canker sores or mouth ulcers.
The branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of obesity and allied diseases.
Food poisoning characterized by paralysis and often death; caused by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.
An eating disorder characterized by episodes of binge eating followed by inappropriate compensatory behaviors, such as self-induced vomiting.
A condition of physical wasting away due to the loss of weight and muscle mass that occurs in patients with diseases such as advanced cancer or AIDS.
The direct visual examination of the inner surface of the colon, from the rectum to the cecum.
A chronic autoimmune disorder that is most often found in the ileum and in the colon.
To expel the contents of the stomach through the esophagus and out of the mouth; also known as vomiting.
Inflammation of the small intestine caused by eating or drinking substances contaminated with viral or bacterial pathogens.
The endoscopic examination of the esophagus, stomach, and upper duodenum.
The removal of the pylorus of the stomach and the establishment of an anastomosis between the upper portion of the stomach and the duodenum.
The surgical placement of a feeding tube from the exterior of the body into the stomach.
Blisterlike sores on the lips and adjacent tissue caused by the oral herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1); also known as cold sores or fever blisters.
The protrusion of part of the stomach through the esophageal sphincter in the diaphragm.
The partial or complete blockage of the small intestine, large intestine, or both caused by the cessation of intestinal peristalsis.
The protrusion of a small loop of bowel through a weak place in the lower abdominal wall or groin.
A yellow discoloration of the skin and eyes caused by greater-than-normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood.
The passage of stools with a black and tarlike appearance that is caused by the presence of digested blood.
The condition of weighing two or three times, or more, the ideal weight; also known as clinically severe obesity.
An infectious disease of the intestines that is transmitted by food contaminated with feces.
The endoscopic examination of the interior of the entire rectum, sigmoid colon, and possibly a portion of the descending colon.
Any restriction to the opening of the mouth caused by trauma, surgery, or radiation associated with the treatment of oral cancer.
A chronic condition of unknown cause in which repeated episodes of inflammation in the rectum and large intestine cause ulcers and irritation.
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