Human Geography Resource Issues
Terms in this set (45)
How has US energy consumption changed?
The amount of consumption grew rapidly in the 1950s and 60s, but has slowed since then.
Energy consumption of _____ and _____ has grown more rapidly than consumption of ____, especially since the _____.
Energy consumption of petroleum and natural gas has grown more rapidly than consumption of coal, especially since the 1960s.
First we used _____, then _____, now mostly _____ and _____.
First we used wood, then coal, now mostly natural gas and nuclear energy.
What is the Alaska pipeline?
An aboveground pipeline, the largest in the US, that transports petroleum from Northern Alaska
What is an advantage of aboveground pipelines?
Easier to maintain / do maintenance on
Which countries produce the most coal in the world?
China and the US
Where is little coal produced?
In most of Africa, the Middle East, and some of Latin America
Why is China an "utter nightmare"?
They are utterly dependent on coal, which is dirty and dangerous to mine (there's a picture shown of a coal miner in the Sichuan Province)
Which countries have the largest proven reserves of coal?
US, Russia, China, and India
Which countries have the largest known petroleum reserves?
Saudi Arabia (majority of reserves are in Middle East) and possibly Canada
Which countries have the largest known natural gas reserves?
Russia, followed by Iran and other Middle Eastern countries (the US has fairly few natural gas reserves)
How does energy consumption in MDCs compared to that in LDCs?
MDCs consume much more energy than LDCs.
The US, with _____ percent of the world's population, consumes _____ percent of the world's energy.
The US, with 5 percent of the world's population, consumes 22 percent of the world's energy.
What was the OPEC oil embargo?
The ban put on oil trades in 1973 that caused long gas lines in American gas stations
How has the price of gasoline changed and why?
When adjusted for inflation, the price of gasoline has been around $1.50 for the last 50 years, with the exception of the early 1980s and the last few years.
Where is nuclear power relied on heavily?
In several European countries and South Korea
Where are the largest known reserves of uranium?
Australia and Kazakhstan, though the reserves are widely distributed
Where are nuclear power plants clustered?
Along the East Coast and in the Southern Great Lakes region
How has temperature changed over time?
Global temperatures rise almost 1 degree C every year since 1880, and they're rising even more now.
What is Tuvalu and its significance?
Tuvalu is a small Pacific island nation threatened by rising sea levels
Where does acid precipitation kill many trees?
Which city has the worst air pollution and why?
Mexico City because it has many vehicles and is located in a mountain basin that limits dispersion of air pollutants (Denver and LA also struggle)
What is the #1 thing that ends up in landfills / accounts for most of solid waste?
Paper, followed by food waste and yard waste
What is the world's largest dam?
Three Gorges Dam in China on the Yangtze River
What is the largest dam in the US?
What is the name of our local dam?
Lock and Dam #1
What problems are caused by wind turbines?
They are expensive to maintain, kill birds, and are visually unappealing.
Which country is most successful in accessing solar energy?
What country is the largest percentage of the rainforest in?
What three countries is the Amazon rainforest mostly in?
Brazil (60 percent), Peru (13 percent), Colombia (10 percent)
Define air pollution.
A concentration of trace substances at a greater level than occurs in average air
Define renewable energy.
Energy that is replaced continually, or at least within a human lifespan: solar energy, hydroelectric, geothermal, fusion, and wind. Renewable energy has an essentially unlimited supply and is not depleted when used by people.
Define nonrenewable energy.
Energy that forms so slowly that for practical purposes, it cannot be renewed. Examples include fossil fuels and nuclear energy.
Define fossil fuel.
The residue of plants and animals that were buried millions of years ago, including petroleum, natural gas, and coal
A substance in the environment that is useful to people, is economically and technologically feasible to access, and is socially acceptable to use
Burning trash to reduce its bulk while producing energy (the heat can boil water to produce steam heat or operate an electricity-generating turbine)
Define sustainable development.
Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
The result of human actions that cause land to deteriorate to a desertlike condition
The result of adding more waste than a resource can accommodate
ASK MS. RISE
Define greenhouse effect.
The anticipated increase in Earth's temperature, caused by carbon dioxide trapping some of the radiation emitted by the Earth's surface
What has Mexico City done to reduce its air pollution?
Government closed the PEMEX oil refinery, a major employer that was causing 7 percent of air pollution; cars have been banned from a 50-square block central area; motorists are not allowed to use cars one day a week; cars must have catalytic converters; cars must use unleaded fuel
What are three pros of PolyMet mining?
Would create up to 360 long-term mining jobs, could develop sophisticated water-treatment plans to be used in other sites, puts existing mining infrastructure to use
What are three cons of PolyMet mining?
Acid drainage can occur in ground and surface water due to copper being mined in ore that contains sulfides; if state laws require PolyMet to post too large a financial guarantee, taxpayers may be responsible for funding something they don't believe in; mercury and sulfate can pollute the Boundary Waters
45 terms / flashcards is a nicer number than 44, so here we are