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Geo test 2
Terms in this set (86)
Earth's albedo is approximately ______ percent
Which of the following is NOT true about the following graph?
It shows that precipitation peaks in the winter
The most abundant gas in the atmosphere, at 78%, is ______
Of the four thermal layers of the atmosphere, the _______ contains most of the gasses and weather
The second most abundant gas in the atmosphere, at 23%, is which of the following:
Which of the following describes the phenomena that produces weakened south Pacific trade winds, warmer than normal sea surface temperatures off of the west coast of South America during December, as well as heavy flooding in Peru and Ecuador and sometimes Southern California, and many deviant weather events around the world.
Traditionally, ______________ has produced the greatest loss of life from a hurrricane.
Which of the following is NOT true about fronts created by colliding air masses?
Warm front precipitation is generally briefer and much heavier than cold front precipitation
Because of its specific heat and its transparency, water heats up and cools off faster than land.
The mild climate type of Southern California with its dry summers, wet winters, and chaparral vegetation is the ___________ climate type.
The terrestrial radiation that warms the atmosphere is largely long wave infrared radiation.
Enormous cyclonic storm systems that bring frontal activity to the 30-60 degree latitudes are called _________
Mid-latitude (extratropical) cyclones
A temperature inversion is a situation in the troposphere where a layer of warmer air sits on top of a layer of cool air.
Because of the Coriolis effect, ocean gyres tend to flow in a clockwise direction in the northern hemisphere and a counter-clockwise direction in the southern hemisphere
Rather constant winds that blow between the equator and 30 degrees latitude are called __________
Precipitation associated with air moving up the side of a mountain is called _______ precipitation.
The region of the world most associated with extreme seasonal monsoons is
India and South Asia
The most powerful hurricanes register a __________ (winds >= 157 mph) on the Saffir-Simpson scale
Which of the following climates is a mosaic of microclimates that varies with elevation?
A diurnal monsoon is a wind that
reverses itself twice a day, such as a land/sea breeze
The global pressure cell that creates rainforests at the equator is a ______ pressure cell called the _______
Low, Doldrums or ITCZ
The ratehr inconstant winds that blow between 30 and 60 degrees latitude are called
Temperatures in this layer of the atmosphere increase with altitude because it contains the ozone layer, which absorbs ultraviolet radiation.
_______ is associated with cooler than normal ocean waters and drier conditions on the west coast of South America, but also abnormal weather patterns in many places around the world.
During the ___________ everywhere on earth experiences 12 hours of daylight and 12 hours of darkness.
Direct warming of the atmosphere is done primarily by incoming short-wave solar radiation.
The majority of desert land around the world consists of desert pavement, not sand and sand dunes. This type of desert pavement is referred to as
The statement "Greenville has hot humid summers and mild winters" refers to Greenville's
Which of the following factors can trigger a glacial period (ice age)?
All of the above
About 75% of all tornadoes in the world occur in which of the following regions?
Continental United States
The Greenhouse Effect is a natural phenomenon that warms the Earth's Atmosphere by 63 degrees F.
The highest atmospheric pressures are measured in hurricanes, while the lowest atmospheric pressures are measured over cold continental interiors.
The traditional definition of North America's Tornado Alley is which of the following regions?
Interior U.S. from the Gulf Coast to the Great Lakes
The type of lifting that gives us the spotty thunderstorm activity in the southeast US in the summer is
The most powerful tornado winds register an F___ on the _______ scale, with speeds of 261 or more mph
If you live north of the ____________ or south of the ____________ , you will experience at least one summer day with 24 hours of daylight.
Arctic Circle, Antarctic Circle
Which of the following is NOT true about the Jet Stream?
It blows from East to West
The seasonal migration of the equatorial low and the subtropical high pressure cells produces the wet summers and dry winters in which of the following tropical climate types
The boreal forest, or taiga, is an incredible band evergreen forest encircling the globe in the northern hemisphere, and is the earth's largest terrestrial biome. This forest resides in which of the following climates:
Seasonal temperature variation happens because
A and B above
The relatively dry slope on the lee side of a mountain range is called a _____________.
One of the most commonly used climate classification systems was developed by _____________ , who actually used vegetation boundaries to demarcate his climate zones
The boundary between the ______________ and the Subarctic climate types marks the latitudinal tree line.
A tropical cyclone is designated as a hurricane at wind speeds of ___________ mph.
Much of the steam in the earth's evolutionary atmosphere condensed and settled to fill the ocean basins. This steam was generated primarily by
volcanic eruptions and out-gassing
Continental climates tend to be hotter in the summer and colder in the winter than maritime climates
Suppose the temperature at Cape Hatteras (sea level) is 70 degrees F. Use the lapse rate to estimate the temperature at an elevation of 6000 feet on Mt. Mitchell.
49 Degrees F
Which of the following is the dry land climate associated with the great grasslands of the world, including the Great Plains of the US?
The normal lapse rate is a temperature decrease of ______ degrees F per each ______ feet as you climb in the troposphere.
In the southern hemisphere, the date of the summer solstice, the longest day of the year, is
Precipitation will not occur unless air is sinking.
A global high pressure cell helps create the great deserts of the world at which of the following latitudes?
30 degrees latitude (North and South)
Because of global wind circulation and the Coriolis effect, warm currents are found mainly on ________ coasts, while cold currents are found mainly on ________ coasts.
The hot summer, mild winter, moist climate type associated with Greenville NC as well as most of the Southeast is
All of the above
Which of the following factors can trigger a glacial period (ice age)?
All of the above
Once the 4th largest lake in the world, this central Asian water body has lost most of its water because of diversion schemes.
In spite of the Clean Air Acts, total US air pollution emissions from carbon monoxide, lead, nitrous oxide, sulfur dioxide have increased since the 1970s
The Montreal Protocol was an international conference designed to
reduce production of CFCs
Acid rain occurs only where the sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions occur, and thus does not affect non-industrial locations.
Because of atmospheric dynamics, the emissions can cause acid rain problems thousands of miles from their source.
The greatest source of water pollution in the U.S. and probably the world is
This location was planned to be the permanent repository for U.S. nuclear waste, but that plan was scrapped in 2010.
Yucca Mountain, NV
Which of the following gasses is blamed primarily for thinning stratospheric ozone in polar regions?
The process whereby excess nutrients create poor water quality and depleted oxygen in lakes and streams is called
Which of the following is an invasive fish species that has established itself in the Mississippi River basin, and is considered hazardous to boaters because of it's propensity to leap into the air when excited by passing boats?
Which of the following is an invasive species that has established a breeding population in the Florida everglades and is blamed for the reduction in many native mammal populations
the python (snake)
The U.S. states where most of the mountaintop removal mining is occurring are
Kentucky and West Virginia
the process whereby pesticides like DDT increase their concentrations in fat tissue as you move to higher levels in the food chain is called
Which of the following is an example of source reduction?
using less material to make soda cans and bottles
Sunlight makes a photochemical smog situation worse.
Which of the following is NOT true about dams?
The improve fertility downstream by holding back flood waters
The An EPA study determined that Clean Air Act cost more than the benefits that it provided.
A pipe carrying pollutants from a factory to a river is an example of a non-point source of pollution.
This is an example of a point source
Dead zones are produced by nutrient rich waters, and are typically found in which of the following locations?
Ocean waters near the mouths of large rivers
The U.S. National Academy of Science has issued a statement that there is strong evidence that global warming is occurring, and that human activities are largely responsible.
The Cuyahoga River near Cleveland Ohio is famous because
it was so polluted that it actually caught on fire several times
__________ is the leading air pollutant by weight, and ___________ is the leading source of air pollution.
carbon monoxide, transportation vehicles
Which of the following gasses is making the greatest total contribution to global climate change?
The Carolina Parakeet is notable because
it once numbered in the millions, and now is extinct
The process whereby a mined landscape is restored to its original topography and vegetation characteristics is called
Urban expansion has increased the magnitude of flash flooding.
A 2000 mile fence was built across Western Australia to keep which of the following invasive mammals from spreading westward across the continent:
Which of the following activities consumes the most water on a global basis?
Smog conditions can be made worse by a sunny climate.
Which of the following is the 1997 international conference that called on the countries of the world to reduce geenhouse gas emissions?
The largest aquifer in the US, the Ogallala Aquifer, has dropped by more than 100 feet in some places because of groundwater withdrawal for agriculture and other purposes. This aquifer is located
in the Great Plains from Northern Texas to South Dakota
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