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27 terms

Greek Ch. 3

STUDY
PLAY
γαῖα, γαίᾱς, ἡ
earth; land
γῆ, γῆς, ἡ
earth; land
ξένος, ξένου, ὁ
host, guest, guest-friend; stranger, foreigner
οὐρανός, οὐρανοῦ, ὁ
sky, heaven
πόνος, πόνου, ὁ
labor, toil; distress, suffering
σύμμαχος, συμμάχου, ὁ
ally
ἄρχω, ἄρξω, ἦρξα, ἦρχα, ἦργμαι, ἤρχθην
rule (+gen.); (middle) begin (+gen.)
διδάσκω, διδάξω, ἐδίδαξα, δεδίδαχα, δεδίδαγμαι, ἐδιδάχθην
teach, explain; (middle) cause (someone) to be taught
ἐθέλω/θέλω, ἐθελήσω, ἠθέλησα, ἠθέληκα, --, --
be willing, wish
λέγω, λέξω, ἔλεξα/εἶπον, --, λέλεγμαι, ἐλέχθην
say; speak (of), tell (of), recount
μέλλω, μελλήσω, ἐμέλλησα, --, --, --
intend, be about, be likely (+ inf.)
παύω, παύσω, ἔπαυσα, πέπαυκα, πέπαυμαι, ἐπαύθην
stop (trans.); (middle) stop (intrans.), cease
πείθω, πείσω, ἔπεισα, πέπεικα, πέπεισμαι, ἐπείσθην
persuade, (middle) obey; heed; believe (+ dat.)
πέμπω, πέμψω, ἔπεμψα, πέπομφα, πέπεμμαι, ἐπέμφθην
send
αἰσχρός, αἰσχρᾱ́, αἰσχρόν
disgraceful, shameful; ugly
κοινός, κοινή, κοινόν
common (to), shared (with); (+ gen. or dat.) public
ἆρα
(interrog. particle) introduces a question
γάρ
(postpositive conj.) explanatory, for; confirming, indeed, in fact
δέ
(postpositive conj.) adversative, but; connective, and
εὖ
(adv.) well
μέν
(postpositive conj.) on the one hand; μέν . . . δέ . . . on the one hand . . . , on the other hand . . . ; . . . , but . . .
νῦν
(adv.) now
πολλάκις
(adv.) many times, often
πότε
(interrog. adv.) when
πρός
(prep + gen.) from; by; in the name of; (prep. + dat.) near; in addition to; (prep + acc.) toward; against; in reply to, in the face of, in relation to
πῶς
(interrog. adv.) how
ὑπό
(prep. + gen.) (from) under; by; at the hands; (prep. + dat.) under, under the power of; (prep. + acc.) under; during