Autotrophs differ from heterotrophs because they....
make their own food from carbon dioxide and water
What is the principal pigment in plants?
What is NOT produced in the light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis?
The color of light that is LEAST useful to a plant during photosynthesis is ______.
What is the first step in photosynthesis?
absorption of light energy
In a typical plant, all of the following factors are necessary for photosynthesis except.....
What happens during the process of photosynthesis?
In the process of photosynthesis, plants convert the energy of sunlight into chemical energy stored in the bonds of carbohydrates.
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
compound used by cells to store and release energy
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things; also called a consumer
organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food from inorganic compounds; also called a producer
process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light energy and use it to power chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and water into oxygen and energy-rich carbohydrates such as sugars and starches
What is the difference between ATP and ADP?
ATP has three phosphates and ADP has two.
Organisms that make their own food are called...
Energy is released upon the conversion of...
ATP to ADP
One way cells use the energy provided by ATP is to...
carry out active transport
Why are mushrooms considered heterotrophs?
Mushrooms feed by absorbing decomposing nutrients from organisms.
light-absorbing molecule used by plants to gather the sun's energy
principal pigment of plants and other photosynthetic organisms
saclike photosynthetic membranes found in chloroplasts
fluid portion of the chloroplast; outside of the thylakoids