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Religion I notecards

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Theos
greek for god
Theology
the rational and systematic study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truth
Theist
one who believes in the existence of a god or gods
Monism
doctrine that reality is one
Atheism
a lack of belief in the existence of God or gods
Agnostic
a person who doubts truth of religion
Belief
An idea one holds to be true
Faith
Putting what you believe into action
Creed
a statement of belief or principle
Ritual
any customary observance or practice
Religious
a member of a religious order who is bound by vows of poverty and chastity and obedience
Spiritual
One who has relationship with the divine
Ethics
Group ideas of right and wrong
Morals
motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
Empathy
understanding and entering into another's feelings
Cosmology
the understanding of the nature of the universe
Salvation
(Christianity) the act of delivering from sin or saving from evil
Mysticism
a religion based on mystical communion with an ultimate reality
Myth
A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
Covenant
(Bible) an agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return
Shema
a liturgical prayer (considered to be the essence of Jewish religion) that is recited at least twice daily by adult Jewish males to declare their faith
Diaspora
the dispersion of the Jews outside Israel
Shoah
The Hebrew word for the Holocaust
Rosh Hashanah
Jewish New Year
Yom Kippur
Jewish Day of Atonement- fasting and reflecting on one's sins
Ishmael
(Old Testament) the son of Abraham who was cast out after the birth of Isaac
Issac
the son of the Abraham and Sarah; he married Rebakah.
Esau
(Old Testament) the eldest son of Isaac who would have inherited the Covenant that God made with Abraham and that Abraham passed on to Isaac
Jacob
(Old Testament) son of Isaac
Judah
an ancient kingdom of southern Palestine with Jerusalem as its center
Jeshua
Hebrew for Jesus
Essenes
Monastic Jews who were living communally, apart from the world, about the time of Jesus
Sadducees
sect of Jews in Judea consisting of priests and wealthy business people; conservatives
Pharisees
sect of Jews from Judea consisting of citizens of all classes; liberal and sought to study the applications of Torah to everyday life
Kingdom of God
the domain over which God is spiritually sovereign
Parables
Stories rooted in daily life that use symbolism or allegory as a teaching tool and that usually have a surprise ending.
The Beatitudes
teachings of Jesus that describe the way to live as his disciples
The Gospel Message
good news; jesus is the way, the truth and the life for us
Disciple
a follower of a person or belief
Apostle
one who is sent
John 3:16
For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
Theotokos
God bearer
Nicene Creed
the most widely-accepted statement of Christian faith, the Nicene Creed was first adopted at the Council of Nicaea in A.D. 325.
Gnosticism
heresy that taught the material world was evil and that Christ, who was not truly God but a lesser divine being, came to impart secret knowledge for our salvation
Ecclesia
a Greek word for a duly summoned assembly; also means Church
St. Dominic
He founded the Dominicans who were dedicated to combating heresies
John Wesley
Founded the Methodist church
John Calvin
Religious reformer who believed in predestination
Ecumenism
Union of all Christian religions and eventually unity of all peoples of the world.
5 Covenant Stages
1. Couple
2. Family
3. Tribe
4. Nation
5. World
6 Religious Questions
1. What does it mean to be human?
2. How is salvation achieved?
3. What is human destiny?
4. How do humans know right and wrong?
5. What is the nature of the universe?
6. What is the ultimate reality or god?
8 Steps of a Savior
1. Miraculous Birth
2. Identification with suffering of others
3. Rejects old life or is rejected
4. Exile
5. Enlightenment
6. Return with new message
7. Persecution/Martyrdom
8. Leader of a new way