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23 terms

IWC1 Chapter 7

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caricature
a picture, description, or imitation of a subject where certain characteristics are exaggerated to create a comic or grotesque effect
Protestant work ethic
religious emphasis on the necessity of constant work in a person's life as an expression of moral virtue
wu wei
Daoist concept of following one's true nature and living such that one's deeds are natural, effortless, and moral
religious Existentialism
version of Existentialism which asserts that existence is the only certainty and belief in God is something we must choose
nirvana
Buddhist term for the state of bliss offering total peace and freedom from life's pain
monotheism
belief in one god or almighty deity; religion based on one supreme god
Pragmatism
theory that the truth or meaning of an idea or a proposition lies in its observable practical consequences
Dionysian response
spontaneous, unstructured, creative, passionate reaction
Apollonian response
analytical, rational, objective reaction
leap of faith
Kierkegaard's notion that belief in God requires us to a commit to something that is not absolutely and conclusively proven
moksha
Hindu concept of state of eternal bliss that marks freedom from life's pain and stress
point of view
position or perspective from which something is viewed or related
atheism
philosophical position denying the existence of God
polytheism
belief in multiple gods; religion based on more than one god
agnosticism
philosophical position that one cannot know for certain whether God exists or not
predestination
Christian theological concept that the course of one's life, including all the choices one will make, is already completely determined by an all-powerful, all-knowing God
Materialism
philosophical position that all processes, phenomena, and objects/beings can be explained as manifestations or results of matter
catharsis
purging of a spectator's strong emotions through experiencing tragedy
artifact
object produced or shaped by human craft, typically of cultural or historical interest
verisimilitude
appearance of truth or reality in theater (stage set, dialogue, etc.)
call and response
musical interaction in which an idea is stated by one voice or instrument and responded to or echoed by others
Socratic method
analytical method of reasoning that asks a progression of questions in pursuit of the truth
secular Existentialism
version of Existentialism which asserts that existence is the only certainty and God cannot be proved