Written sources Sparta - Battle of Leutra

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Powell
disputes notion of moneyless society e.g. Xenophons reference to horses, Perioikoi loyal to Sparta, Spartan way of life made possible by mass of helots, gravestone, military divination, money married money, propaganda
Aristotle
Spartan demise, imbalance of wealth, criticises the great rhetra,
Plutarch
Lycurgus, banned currency, spoilt iron bars, perioikoi permitted to use currency, neglects to mention Perioikoi or inferiors, reading taught as much as was necessary, dioscuri important, spartiates could be ephors, gerousia and priests, Jykurgos took them into groups, land disributed by Lycurgus banned, superflous arts
Pomeroy
Pomeroy - women, hand held mirrors
Herodutus
occupations, kings chief priests, magistrates and military leaders, Perioikoi occupations, hoplites wore red cloack, long combed hair
Xenophon
reading taught, spartiates full time warriors, training, punishments
Hodkins
helots kleros, land in Sparta never equal, less equal over time.
Aristophanes
Aristophanes - Spartan women, thigh flashers, sexualised, Lysistrata
Thucydides
Thucydides "Mainly governed by the necessity of taking precautions against the helots"
Tyrateus
Tyrateus - helots manage Kleros, supply masters with 50% of their annual produce
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