43 terms

Animal Adaptation

Now that you have learned how animals adapt to their environment and what they need to survive, please take the quiz below.
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Terms in this set (...)

Mammal
an animal that has fur or hair, makes milk to feed its young, and most have babies that are born alive and uses lunch to breathes.

Example: humans, cats, dogs, beaver
Amphibian
An animal that begins life in the water (breathing through gills) and moves onto land as an adult (breathing through lungs). Amphibians lay eggs in water and have moist, smooth skin.
Example: frogs, salamanders
Gills
A body part found in fish and young amphibians that takes oxygen from the water
Reptile
A cold-blooded land animal that has dry skin covered by scales. Hatch from eggs on land.
Breathes with lungs

Example: Lizards, snakes, alligators, crocodiles, turtles, and tortoises.
Scales
The small, thin, flat plates that cover and help protect the bodies of fish and reptiles
Fish
Cold blooded animal that
lives its whole life in the water and breathes with gills, lays eggs in the water, has fins and is covered with scales (ex. goldfish)
Bird
A warm blooded animal that
has feathers, two legs, and wings and breathe through air sacs (lungs). Lays eggs

Example: Eagle, robin
What is a habitat?
a place that gives an animal what they need to survive.
What do sharks have that allow them to be great swimmers?
fins
How does a grasshopper blend in with their surroundings?
camouflage
What do some animals do in the winter in order to preserve energy and survive ?
hibernate
Porcupines' protect themselves from predators by having ?
quills
What is it called when birds or fish go to another location in order to survive certain seasons?
migrate
predator
An animal that hunts another animal for food
prey
An animal that is hunted by a predator
Adaptation
A physical or behavioral change that animals do to survive.
physical adaptation
What an animal has as a body part to survive
examples of physical adaptations that help animals survive in their environment are:
camouflage
mimcry
chemical defenses (venom from snakes), and sprays (like from a skunk)
special body coverings and parts such as thick fur, claws, beaks, feet, armor plates, skulls, and teeth
ability to run at great speeds for a long time
Camouflage
A natural disguise some animals have to help them blend in with their surroundings.
animals use camouflage to avoid getting noticed by predators.
Mimicry
imitating another animal for survival in order to avoid getting eaten by a predator.
(Mimicry happens in both animal and plants.)

(For example, the
viceroy butterfly tastes good to birds, but the monarch butterfly tastes bad. Because the viceroy looks like the monarch butterfly, it is safer from predators.)
Mimicry can also occur as mimicked behaviors, mimicked sounds, or mimicked scents.
Behavioral adaptations
What an animal DOES as a behavior to respond to life needs.

Examples:
hibernation,
migration,
dormancy,
instinct, and learned behavior (storing and gathering food)
Hibernation
when an animal (for example groundhogs, black bears) goes into a long, deep sleep in winter so their body activities slow down and they can live off stored food (fat).
Migration
the movement of an animal from one place to another and then back again as the seasons change. They are in search of a new, temporary
habitat because of climate, lack of food, season change, or to have babies.

Example of animals that migrate: geese, monarch butterflies, tundra swans
Dormancy
when an organism (animal or
plant) slows down its activity because its
habitat becomes stressful (too cold or not enough food).

For example: A period of time when a plant does not grow to survive weather changes
Instinct
A behavior an animal knows how to do without being taught.it's automatic, they are born with, that help them survive.
examples of instinctive behaviors
gathering and storing food.
finding and making shelter.
defending oneself.
mother lions protect their cubs.
hibernating.
migrating.
Storing
saving food for the winter months
learned behaviors
behaviors that are
learned through observation and experience.

Example: hunting
bear cubs learn to fish by watching their parent
Migrate
To travel as a group from northern to southern parts of the world during winter months to find food, breed, and keep warm and then back to the first place
Hibernate
To enter into a LONG deep winter sleep to slow down life activities like body temperature, breathing, and metabolism to save energy.
Mimicry
To look or act like another animal to protect oneself from predators.
Even if only one animal or plant is poisonous or tastes bad, both organisms are protected!
Animals can also mimic behaviors, sounds, or scents!
Species
A name that identifies a living organism
Endangered
In danger of becoming extinct
threatened
in danger of becoming extinct.
Extinct
A species that is gone forever because all of its kind have died
Inherit
To receive traits from parents
Trait
A body feature that an animal inherits; it can also be something that an animal does
defense
a way to protect one's self, such as claws, coloring, horns, teeth, etc
shelter
a place to live that protects an animal from weather and enemies
What do animals need to live?
food, water, shelter, air
Animals adapt (make changes) to stay alive. This can be physically or behaviorally
Examples of this are:
1. migrate
2. hibernate or become dormant
3. camouflage
4. mimicry
5. storing and gathering food
6. finding shelter
7. defending themselves
Some animals that migrate
butterflies, hummingbirds, geese, ducks, whales, wildebeests, zebras, elephants , caribou
Reptiles
chipmunks, groundhogs, snakes, crockodiles, bats

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