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79 terms

MT Ch 8: Respiratory System

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alveol/o
alveolus
bronch/o
bronch/i
bronchus
bronchiol/o
bronchiole
epiglott/o
epiglottis
laryng/o
larynx
nas/o
rhin/o
nose
orth/o
straight
pector/o
thorac/o
chest
pharyng/o
pharynx
phren/o
diaphragm
pleur/o
pleura
pneum/o
pneumon/o
pulmon/o
lung; air
sinus/o
sinus
spir/o
breathe; breath
tonsill/o
tonsils
trache/o
trachea
anthrac/o
coal
atel/o
incomplete
coni/o
dust
muc/o
mucus
ox/i
oxygen
py/o
pus
-capnia
carbon dioxide
-ectasis
stretching; dilatation
-meter
instrument to measure
-metry
measuring
-phonia
sound; voice
-pnea
breathing
-ptysis
coughing; spitting up
-(r)rhagia
hemorrhage
-(r)rhea
copious discharge
-thorax
chest
aspirate
to withdraw or suction fluid; to draw foreign material into the lungs
nebulizer
mechanical device for delivering a fine spray or mist into the respiratory tract
patent
open
respiratory therapist (RT)
allied health professional who administers respiratory therapy treatments
ventilator
mechanical device used to assist with or substitute for patient's breathing
adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
respiratory failure associated with a variety of acute conditions that directly or indirectly injure the lung
asbestosis
accumulation of asbestos particles in the lungs
asphyxia
oxygen deprivation; suffocation
asthma
spasm or swelling of the mucous membranes of the bronchial tubes resulting in wheezing and difficulty in breathing
bronchogenic carcinoma
a malignant lung tumor originating in the bronchi; lung cancer
-genic
pertaining to development
bronchopneumonia
inflammation of the bronchi and lungs caused primarily by bacteria
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
a progressive and irreversible condition characterized by diminished lung capacity
coryza
rhinitis
inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose; a common cold
croup
a childhood disease characterized by a barking cough, dyspnea, and laryngeal spasms
cystic fibrosis (CF)
a hereditary disorder characterized by excess mucus production in the respiratory tract
deviated septum
misalignment of the nasal septum due to malformation or injury
emphysema
distention and destruction of alveolar walls causing decreased elasticity of the lungs
epistaxis
rhinorrhagia
discharge of blood from the nose; nosebleed
influenza (flu)
highly contagious infection of the respiratory tract caused by a virus
Legionnaire's disease
a lobar pneumonia caused by the Legionella pneumophilia bacteria
lobar pneumonia
a severe infection of one or more of the five lobes of the lung
mucopurulent
containing both mucus and pus
mucus
a slimy, viscous secretion of mucous membranes and glands
obstructive sleep apnea
temporary absence of breathing during sleep due to repetitive pharyngeal collapse
orthopnea
ability to breathe only when upright or in the upright position
pertussis
a highly contagious respiratory disease characterized by coughing and a loud whooping on inspiration; commonly called whooping cough
pleural effusion
escape of fluid into the pleural space
pneumonia
an acute inflammation of the lungs
pneumonoconiosis
any disease of the lung by chronic inhalation of dust, usually mineral dusts of occupational or environmental origin
pulmonary edema
swelling of the lungs caused by an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the lungs
pulmonary embolism
obstruction of one or more of the pulmonary arteries by a thrombus (clot)
pulmonary heart disease
heart failure caused by pulmonary disease
pyothorax
empyema
presence of pus in the chest or pleural space
rales
abnormal chest sound caused by congested or spasmodic bronchi
rhonchi
rales or rattling in the throat, resembles snoring
sputum
material coughed up from the lungs
stridor
harsh, high-pitched sound during respiration
tuberculosis (TB)
an infectious disease of the lungs caused by a specific type of bacillus
upper respiratory infection (URI)
infection of the pharynx, larynx, trachea, and bronchi
chest x-ray
process of recording an x-ray film of the lungs and mediastinum
arterial blood gases (ABG)
examination of arterial blood to determine blood levels of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other gases
lung scan
a nuclear medicine study used to detect abnormalities related to air or blood flow to the lungs
perfusion (lung) scan
a nuclear medicine study used to detect areas of inadequate blood flow to the lung
pulmonary function tests (PFTs)
a group of tests designed to measure respiratory function and identify abnormalities
ventilation (lung) scan
a nuclear medicine study used to detect areas of inadequate air flow to the lungs
ventilation/perfusion (lung) scan (V/Q scan)
a nuclear medicine study used to detect abnormalities of air and blood flow to the lungs